Presentation on theme: "Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Hierarchy of needs. Sharing to meet basic needs with someone else in need Shelter for Homeless Domestic Relief Second Harvest."— Presentation transcript:
Sharing to meet basic needs with someone else in need Shelter for Homeless Domestic Relief Second Harvest Food Bank Hospitals Giving and serving to meet needs through community action Volunteer Fire Dept Women’s Shelters Day Care Centers Nursing Homes Giving and serving because it is expected of a good person Service Clubs (Rotary, Moose, Optimist, Junior League) Boys & Girls Club Scouting/4-H Giving and serving because it makes us feel like a “good person” Scholarships, awards for giving (Nobel) Selfless giving and serving to unknown others Churches/Mosques/Synagogues Museums/Symphonies/Arts Anonymous Gifts
General The basis of Maslow's motivation theory is that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, and that certain lower factors need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied. According to Maslow, there are general types of needs (physical, safety, love, esteem, self- actualization) that must be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly
General Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security.
Physical Basic needs are those required to sustain life, such as: Air Water Food Sleep
Safety Needs Safety needs means a person is living free from the threat of physical and emotional harm. Such needs might be fulfilled by: Living in a safe area Medical insurance Job security Financial reserves
Love Social needs are those related to interaction with others and may include: – Friendship – Belonging to a group – Giving and receiving love
Esteem Esteem needs are the urge to attain a degree of importance Recognition Attention Social Status Accomplishment Self-respect
Self-Actualization Self-Actualization is reaching one's full potential as a person. Examples are: Truth Justice Wisdom Meaning
Discussion questions How does this theory relate to Child Development? Where are you on the Hierarchy of Needs and why? Where would you like to be on the Hierarchy of Needs? Do you think a person can ever reach Self- Actualization? Why or why not?