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Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9- 1 The Meaning of Crime: Social Process Perspective Chapter 9
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -2 The Social Process Perspective Emphasizes the interaction between individuals and society. Criminal behaviour is learned through interaction with others.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -3 Types of Social Process Theories ► Social learning theory ► Labelling theory ► Reintegrative shaming ► Social control theory ► Social development theories
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -4 Social Learning Theory Criminal behaviour is a learned behaviour. ► Differential Association ► Neutralization Techniques
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -5 Differential Association Edwin Sutherland Criminality is learned through association with other criminals. Nine principles of differential association.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -6 Neutralization Techniques ► Denial of responsibility ► Denial of injury ► Denial of the victim ► Condemning the condemners ► An appeal to higher loyalties
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -7 Labelling Theory ► Based on studies of societal reactions to deviance. ► Labels the offender Primary deviance Secondary deviance ► The process fosters a continued perception of the offender as a criminal.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -8 Reintegrative Shaming Two kinds of shaming: 1.Stigmatic shaming 2.Reintegrative shaming
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -9 Social Control Theories Downplay causative factors in criminal behaviour. Ask why people obey rules rather than break them. ► Containment Theory ► Social Bond Theory
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -10 Containment Theory Containment 1.External containment 2.Inner containment
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -11 Social Bond Theory Four components of the social bond: 1.Attachment 2.Commitment 3.Involvement 4.Belief
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -12 Social Development Theories Recognize criminogenic influences as having their greatest impact during early stages of life. Formative childhood experiences are catalysts in shaping children for the rest of their lives.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc. 9 -13 Policy Implications of Social Process Theories Include initiatives that: seek to reduce the stigmatization of offenders seek to teach conventional values by providing opportunities for individuals (and especially youth) to associate with others who hold these values
Theoretical Explanations of Delinquency
Ch.6 Symbolic Interactionism Principles Conceptions of the “self” Labeling Theory Primary & Secondary Deviance Neutralizing Deviant identities Master Status.
S OCIOLOGY F IRST AND S ECOND P ERIOD P AGES Stephanie, Katrina, Stephanie, and Rachel.
Social Process Theories: Socialized to Crime
Control theories Nye’s theory Matza’ theory Hirschi’s theory Self-control theory.
© 2003 Wadsworth Publishing Co. Chapter 8 Social Process Theories: Learning, Control and Reaction Criminology 8 th edition Larry J. Siegel.
Deviance and Social Control Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under.
Chapter 7 Social Process Theories: Learning, Control and Reaction
Sociologists & Deviances
Objectives: Explain deviance from a symbolic interactionist perspective. Describing and applying the components of differential association theory, control.
Chapter 7 Social Control Theory. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Social Control The key question they try to.
DEVIANCE AND CRIME.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education Canada Inc Chapter 7 Sociology- Based Perspectives of Crime The sociological imagination enables us to grasp.
Lesson 7 – Social Process Theories
Soc 319: Sociological Approaches to Social Psychology Deviance & Labelling Theory Tuesday April 28 and Thursday April 30, 2009.
Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control Copyright © Allyn & Bacon Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e James M. Henslin Chapter Eight: Deviance.
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc. Chapter 9 Deviance.
Crime and Social Deviance Chapter 16. Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 16-2 Social Deviance Norms make social life possible Social order Social.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc.
Social Process Theories
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