P ROVIDING A STRONG C ENTRAL G OVT. BUT ALSO L IMITED G OVERNMENT 2 S ECTION 4-7 Rule of Law The Framers believed the government should be strong but not too strong. The Constitution sets limits & establishes rule of law by stating what government may and may not do. This means that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern.
S EPARATION OF P OWERS C ONSTITUENCY Legislative House of Reps directly to the people Senate Directly to the people after the 17 th amendment Judicial Chosen by the President Approved by the Senate Executive Electoral College People State legislature selects electors Protecting a strong Central Govt. but also Limited Government
S EPARATION OF P OWERS P OWER -R ESPONSIBILITIES Legislative Law Makers Congress House of Reps Senate Judicial Law- interpreters Supreme Court Federal Courts State Courts Executive Law- Enforcers Presidents –V.P. –Cabinet
S EPARATION OF P OWERS T ERM L ENGTH Legislative House of Reps 2 yrs Senate 6 yrs Judicial Life Ability to impeach if necessary Executive President –4 yrs –2 term limit 22 nd Amendment
Attempted Over 300 Times…… NEVER BEEN USED Over 10,000 Ideas have Been proposed This way AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION S TEP 1: P ROPOSAL OR By a 2/3 vote of both Houses of Congress Hold a Constitutional Convention @ the request of 2/3’s of the State Legislatures
Only used to Repeal the 21 st Amendment: Prohibition S TEP 2: R ATIFICATION (C ONGRESS CHOOSES THE METHOD OF RATIFICATION ) OR By a ¾ of all state legislatures Hold a State Ratifying Conventions: need ¾ vote to ratify