2 Adolescence- period between normal onset of puberty and beginning of adulthood. Usually from aboutPuberty- physical maturing that makes an individual capable of sexual reproductionAdolescence as a distinct life stage is the creation of modern industrial society and is a relatively recent concept.In many preindustrial societies, young people go directly from childhood to adulthood after taking part in puberty rites.Examples:Demonstrations of strength or enduranceFiling of teethTattooing or scarring of skinWhat is Adolescence?
3 How Adolescence is Defined as a Separate Group: Prior to 1860sAdolescence did not exist as a separate life stage; children treated as small adultsEducationCourtsWorkChildren stay in school longer; extended period of dependenceJuvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adultsLaws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependencyEffectDevelopment of adolescence as a distinct life stage between childhood and adulthood
4 Characteristics of adolescence Biological Growth and DevelopmentUndefined StatusIncreased Decision MakingIncreased PressureThe Search for SelfCharacteristics of adolescence
5 Biological Growth and Development Puberty is universal because it is biologicalMarked by:Growth in weight and heightDevelopment of primary and secondarysexual characteristicsComplexion problemsIf behind or ahead others physically it canoften times lead to anxiety orembarrassmentBiological Growth and Development
6 Undefined Status Expectations for adolescents can be vague Example: different ages for driving,marriage, voting, smoking, andalcohol consumptionSome treat teens as adults, some as childrenUndefined Status
7 Increased Decision Making When children reach adulthood they must make many of their own decisionsExamples:What courses should I take?What sports should I play?Will I go to college? If so, where?Increased Decision Making
8 Adolescents are faced with pressure from many different sources Examples:Find the balance between parental wishes and peer pressuresPressures from school: attending class, completing assignments, participating, etc.Establishing relationshipsJob-related pressuresOne of the greatest pressures:peer pressureIncreased Pressure
9 The Search for Self Adolescents must decide what is really important Sort through normsEstablish personal normsSet prioritiesAnticipatory socialization- learning the rights, obligations, and expectations of a role to prepare for assuming that role in the futureExamples: dating, part-time job, club membershipThe Search for Self