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Sociology Ch.6 Adolescent in Society.

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Presentation on theme: "Sociology Ch.6 Adolescent in Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sociology Ch.6 Adolescent in Society

2 Adolescence Adolescence- Onset of puberty to beginning of adulthood-Ages 12-19 Modern Industrial Society has made Adolescence a distinct, separate life stage Is Not Distinct in all Cultures Puberty-Physical maturing that makes one capable of sexual reproduction

3 Adolescence Preindustrial Society-Young People go From Childhood to Adulthood After Formal Ceremonies “Puberty Rites”-Demonstrate Strength, File Teeth, Tattoo or Scar Skin Adolescence as a Life Stage in United States …Did not exist before Civil War …Only in last 100 years has Adolescence become a stage of development

4 Adolescence 3 Factors in Development As Life Stage in USA
Education-Mandatory until Age 16 Excluded from Work Force-Can’t work Until Age 16 Juvenile Justice System-Distinguishes from Adults and Juveniles

5 Adolescence 5 Characteristics of Adolescents
Biological Growth and Development Undefined Status Increased Decision Making Increased Pressures Search for Self

6 5 Characteristics of Adolescents
1. Biological Growth and Development Puberty-Universal, Because it is Biological Rather Than Cultural Controlled by Brain and Endocrine system (Hormones) Acne, Primary and Secondary Sexual Characteristics 2. Undefined Status-Vague…Children and Adults have clear Expectations -Can Marry at 16, Can’t Vote until Age 18

7 5 Characteristics of Adolescents
3. Increased Decision Making- Make own Decisions, Short and Long Term 4. Increased Pressure-Rules…Parent, School, Jobs, Peers, Friends, Athletics 5. The Search for Self- Mature, preparing for future roles, Establish Personal Norms -Anticipatory Socialization- Learning Rights, Obligations and Expectations of a Role to Prepare For The Future-Jobs, Dating

8 Dating Dating- Meeting of people as a romantic engagement
Found in Societies that Allow Individuals to Choose Their Own Marriage Partners Emerged in America After World War I Only Studied Since 1940’s Prior to Dating…Courtship, where Marriage is the Goal Dating’s Goal is Entertainment and Amusement

9 Dating Courtship is not Flexible, Roles were Strictly Defined
Man asked Parents First Men and Women were strictly Chaperoned, Under Close Supervision What Created Dating? -Industrialization, Men Did Not Need Property -Free Public Secondary Education (Coed) -Telephones and Automobiles

10 Dating Willard Waller-Conducted one of The Earliest Sociological Analyses of American Dating 1920’s-1930’s-Penn State University Casual Dating was Entertainment, not Mate Selection Status Attainment and Excitement were Center of Dating Partners Selected Because of Good Looks, Nice Clothes and Popularity Courtship valued traits of Dependability and Honesty

11 Dating Women Selected Potential Dates According To: Fraternity Membership, Money, Clothes, Cars, Dancing Ability Goal-Not to Risk Social Status Research Challenges Waller’s Research Character and Personality Homogamy-Tendency to marry people with similar Social Characteristics

12 Dating Patterns Traditional Patterns- Still in Small Towns and Rural Areas 1940’s-1950’s- Arranging Date is Man’s Responsibility Ritualized- Rules of Conduct/Expected Behavior Set Activities-Movies, Sporting Events

13 Dating Patterns Contemporary Patterns- 1960’s Informal
Equality- To initiate Dates, Pay Flexible- Relationships Based More on Group and Friendship

14 Amish Courting Buggy- Horse Drawn Carriage
No School/Outside Job…”Singings” Allow Men/Women to meet and Talk No Divorce

15 Challenges of Adolescence
Sexual Behavior Western Cultural View-Strict Norms Against Premarital Sexuality American Cultural View-Form from Puritan and Victorian Views of Sexual Morality- Wait Til Marriage Changing Norms Increase Teenage Sexual Behavior -29% in 1970…50% in 1995 Birthrate in USA is Higher Among Teenagers Than Other Industrialized Countries

16 Reflection Read Article
Write Reflection-Based on Article and Your High School Experience Do You Agree/Disagree with the Article? Why? ½ to 1 Page

17 Influences of Sexual Activity
Sociological Explanation- Social Reasons- Family Income Level, Parent’s Marital Status, Religious Participation Norms of Subgroups (Views on Sexuality, Drug Use and Delinquency)

18 Effects of Early Sexual Activity
Learning Disabilities Emotional Stress Lower Lifetime Earnings, Education Babies Health (Birth Weight, Death Rate)

19 Drug Use Drug-Any Substance That Changes Mood, Behavior or Consciousness Now includes Alcohol and Tobacco Drug Violence- Increased in 1980’s and 1990’s Adult Criminal Gangs-Drug Trafficking

20 Drugs United States has Highest Rate of Drug Use in Industrialized World Influences-Friends/Peers Drug Use, Adjustment Problems, Hostile family Setting

21 Suicide Drugs/Alcohol Contribute to Suicide
Suicide Rate has Doubled in Last 3 Decades Emile Durkheim Study-Suicide Social Integration-The Degree of Attachment People Have to Social Groups Very High and Very Low Attachment=High Rate Place Needs of Group Above Personal Needs

22 Suicide Social Disorganization-Low Levels of Integration (Economic Change, War, Natural Disaster) Predictors- Alcohol, Age, Sex(Females Attempt More, Males Succeed More), Population Density, Family Relations, Cluster Effect, Triggering Event (Fear of Punishment, Loss/Rejection, Crisis, Fight)

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