Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in Society Sociology4/15/2017CHAPTER 6 The Adolescent in SocietySection 1: Adolescence in Our SocietySection 2: Teenagers and DatingSection 3: Challenges of AdolescenceChapter 6
2 Objectives: Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Explain how adolescence developed as a distinct stage of the life cycle in the United States.Identify the five general characteristics of adolescence.
3 What is Adolescence Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society Adolescence– the period between the normal onset of puberty and the beginning of adulthood (In the US – considered between the ages of 12-19)Puberty– the physical maturity that makes an individual capable of reproduction
4 How Adolescence Developed as a Stage of the Life Cycle Section 1: Adolescence in Our SocietyHow Adolescence Developed as a Stage of the Life CycleThrough Education – children stay in school longer; extended period of dependenceThrough Work – laws restricted child labor, also increasing length of dependenceThrough Courts – juvenile-justice system legally distinguished between youth and adults
5 Five General Characteristics of Adolescence Section 1: Adolescence in Our SocietyFive General Characteristics of AdolescenceBiological Growth and Development – various biological changes such as changes in body proportions and acne, even brain developmentUndefined Status – adolescent expectations are often vague (child or adult?)Increased Decision Making – must make some of their own decisions
6 5 General Characteristics of Adolescence Section 1: Adolescence in Our Society5 General Characteristics of Adolescence(continued)Increased Pressure – adolescents are faced with pressure from many sources (parents, peers, school)The Search for Self – deciding what is really important (establishment of personal norms, values, priorities)- Anticipatory socialization –learning the rights, obligations and expectations of a role to prepare for assuming that role in the future
7 Objectives: Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Summarize how dating developed as a form of social interaction.Describe the functions that dating fulfills.
8 Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Development of Dating Dating – meeting of people as romantic engagementIndustrial Revolution – people moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and their own home. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased.Public Education – by the 1900s most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls
9 Development of Dating Section 2: Teenagers and Dating (continued)Automobile – young adults had more freedom of movement away from parentsTelephone – young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sexEquality of Women – more women entered the workforce and took on more active community roles which increased the interaction between single adult men and women
10 Functions of Dating Section 2: Teenagers and Dating Serves as a form of entertainmentIs a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sexFills psychological needs such as companionshipHelps individuals attain status as people are judged in part by whom they dateAids in spouse selection
11 Objectives: Section 3: Challenges of Adolescence Identify some of the social problems facing contemporary teenagers.Trace the causes and consequences of these problems.
12 Social Problems of Contemporary Teenagers Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceSocial Problems of Contemporary TeenagersTeenage Sexual BehaviorTeenage Drug UseBullyingTeenage SuicideWhat would you add to this?
13 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Sexual Behavior Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Sexual BehaviorCause – loosening of norms concerning sexuality; low-income, one-parent familiesConsequence – teenage pregnancy; exposure to or acquiring STDs such as syphilis or AIDS
14 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Drug Use Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Drug UseCause – dropping out of school; having friends who use drugs; social and academic adjustment problems; hostile and rejecting family settingConsequence – increase in the use of some drugs among teens; increase in drug-related violence
15 Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – Suicide Section 3: Challenges of AdolescenceCauses and Consequences of Contemporary Problems – SuicideCause – alcohol or drug use; triggering events such as a family crisis or other trials of adolescence; being female; social isolation, living in an underpopulated area, bad family environment; cluster effect from publicized suicidesConsequence – death; possible cluster effects leading to other teenage suicides; rise in U.S. teenage suicide rate; teen suicide rate now exceeds that for adults