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Human Resource Management, Motivation, and Labor– Management Relations

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1 Human Resource Management, Motivation, and Labor– Management Relations
9 Chapter Human Resource Management, Motivation, and Labor– Management Relations Course: BUS 101 Lecturer: Emran Mohammad (EMd)

2 Human Resource Management (HRM)
Human resource management: the function of attracting, developing, and retaining enough qualified employees to perform the activities necessary to accomplish organizational objectives.

3 Human Resource Management Responsibilities
Planning for staffing needs: develop human resource plans based on their organization’s competitive strategies plan how to attract and keep good employees with the right combination of pay, benefits, and working conditions Forecast the number of employees their firm will need and determine the types of skills necessary to implement its plans

4 Human Resource Management Responsibilities
2. Recruitment and selection Finding Qualified Candidates Selecting and Hiring Employees Alternative of hiring- Outsourcing: contracting with another business to perform tasks or functions previously handled by internal staff members. 3. Orientation, Training and Evaluation Training Programs On-the-Job Training Classroom and Computer-Based Training Management Development

5 Human Resource Management Responsibilities
Performance Appraisals: an evaluation of an employee’s job performance that compares actual results with desired outcomes. 4. Employee Compensation and Benefits: Compensation: Wage: compensation based on an hourly pay rate or the amount of output produced. Salary: compensation calculated on a periodic basis, such as weekly or monthly.

6 Human Resource Management Responsibilities
Employee Benefits: rewards such as retirement plans, health insurance, vacation, and tuition reimbursement provided for employees either entirely or in part at the company’s expense. Flexible Benefits or cafeteria plans. Flexible Work Flextime Compressed workweek Job sharing program home-based work program

7 Human Resource Management Responsibilities
5. Employee Separation: Voluntary turnover occurs when employees leave firms to start their own businesses, take jobs with other firms, move to another city, or retire. Involuntary turnover occurs when employers terminate employees because of poor job performance, negative attitudes toward work and co-workers, or misconduct such as dishonesty or sexual harassment. Downsizing is the process of reducing the number of employees within a firm by eliminating jobs.

8 Motivating Employees

9 Maslow’s Hierarchy-of-Needs Theory:
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory of motivation: proposed by Abraham Maslow. According to the theory, people have five levels of needs that they seek to satisfy: physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization.

10 Maslow’s Hierarchy-of-Needs Theory:
Assumptions: People’s needs depend on what they already possess. A satisfied need is not a motivator; only needs that remain unsatisfied can influence behavior. People’s needs are arranged in a hierarchy of importance; once they satisfy one need, at least partially, another emerges and demands satisfaction.


12 Goal-Setting Theory Goal: target, objective, or result that someone tries to accomplish. Goal-setting theory: Theory that people will be motivated to the extent to which they accept specific, challenging goals and receive feedback that indicates their progress toward goal achievement.

13 Goal-Setting Theory Goal specificity is the extent to which goals are detailed, exact, and unambiguous. Goal difficulty is the extent to which a goal is hard or challenging to accomplish. Goal acceptance is the extent to which people consciously understand and agree to goals Performance feedback is information about the quality or quantity of past performance and indicates whether progress is being made toward accomplishing a goal.

14 Job Design and Motivation
job enlargement job design that expands an employee’s responsibilities by increasing the number and variety of tasks assigned to the worker. job enrichment change in job duties to increase employees’ authority in planning their work, deciding how it should be done, and learning new skills.

15 Managers’ Attitudes and Motivation
Theory X: Assumptions: Employees dislike work and try to avoid it whenever possible Managers must control them Managers must threaten employees of punishment to achieve the organization’s goals. Managers feel that employees have relatively little ambition Managers feel that employees can be motivated only by money and job security. Managers keep employees under close and constant observation Managers prefer discipline in work Managers demand that employees will follow company policies and procedures strictly.

16 Managers’ Attitudes and Motivation
Theory Y: Assumptions: Employees like work Employees seek responsibilities to fulfill social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. Managers consider the expenditure of physical and mental effort in work as an ordinary activity Most people can think of creative ways to solve work-related problems Employees are self-controlled and self-directed.


18 Managers’ Attitudes and Motivation
Theory Z: Organizations structured on Theory Z concepts attempt to blend the best of American and Japanese management practices. This approach views worker involvement as the key to increased productivity for the company and improved quality of work life for employees.

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