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IWRM in EECCA countries Palle Lindgaard Jørgensen Technical Secretariat Helsinki, 24-15 May 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "IWRM in EECCA countries Palle Lindgaard Jørgensen Technical Secretariat Helsinki, 24-15 May 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 IWRM in EECCA countries Palle Lindgaard Jørgensen Technical Secretariat Helsinki, 24-15 May 2007

2 BANG!! BANG! Industrial water quality standards enforced Polluter-pays principle in enforced => industrial water pollution controlled Deforestation halted Watershed management practiced => Soil erosion under control Use of agro-chemical regulated => Agricultural water pollution controlled (surface- and groundwater) Reservoir releases negotiated with city: =>Max. flood releases ensured =>Min dry season flows ensured Environmental flow ensured => Salinity intrusion under control Integrated Water Resources Management being implemented Groundwater extractions regulated => Groundwater levels stabilized Municipal wastewater standards enforced Urban sewer systems installed => Urban water pollution reduced Water resources policy and law adopted and enforced => incl. policy and legal framework for water supply and sanitation => incl. financing mechanisms and tariff system for water and sanitation River basin planning and management structures in place Water allocation and water right systems in place Climate adaptation measures being introduced => incl. measures to adapt to extreme events (floods and droughts)

3 Managing competing uses Water for people Water for food Water for nature Water for other uses Cross-sectoral integration Enabling environment Institutions Management instruments

4 IWRM –water supply - what are the links? Water supply is in most countries considered as a ”sectoral water service” just like irrigation, hydropower etc. IWRM provides a necessary framework for the sectoral water services for water resources: policies and legislation, monitoring, planning and allocation, use permits, compliance and enforcement, financial management IWRM plans are the plans to establish the framework

5 Links between IWRM, Water supply and financing IWRM can support planning of adequate and safe resources of water IWRM can link health issues into water resources planning IWRM needs financing to run the management of water resources and to invest in water development infrastructure IWRM can be paid by the government budget or the users of water- however financing should be sustainable

6 IWRM –importance for water supply Water management policies, laws also comprise water use for drinking water and discarge of waste water Water quality standards as part of the legislation Standards for pollution discarge Monitoring of surface and groundwater and source water quality

7 IWRM; Importance for water supply Planning and allocation in river basins- securing water quantity and quality, land use planning Water permits- rules and procedures for abstraction for drinking water and discarge of waste water Compliance and enforcement (water supply and sanitation sector service)

8 IWRM; Importance for water supply Protection of drinking water sources Prioritization of capital investments in river basins Financing of IWRM, financing mechanisms and integration into national budget system User pay systems- cost recovery

9 Financial analysis of IWRM Costs functions: Institutional framework including capacity building; investments and O&M in water resources infrastucture (channels, weirs, monitoring equipment, laboratories) sector water service infrastructure (part of infrastructure to be covered by WRM) Income functions: Water use permits, fees and fines; national budgets, donor and loans Economic value of water

10 Global and regional progress towards IWRM 2005 Plans GWP 95 countries JWF 85 countries UNEP 37 coun. EECCA 12 coun. Good Progress 21%28%8%33% Some progress 53%57%62%50% Limited progress 26%15%30%17%

11 IWRM progress- EECCA EECCA a little better than the global average- however lagging behind EU-25 EECCA good/some progress in policies, laws and strategies- less in institutional reforms EECCA much focus on transboundary water management- less on national IWRM

12 Main obstacles for IWRM in globally and in EECCA Limited capacity- human and institutional Low awareness at all levels Poor political support Inadequate funding- support to water sector is generally decreasing-most focus on WSS Plans not adapted to local conditions and lagging implementation

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