3 Things to Know about WW I The 5 main causes.The major combatants, at the beginning and the end.What brought America into the war.The technology of the war.The use of propaganda during the war.The restrictions placed on civil liberties during the war.
4 Causes of WWI – MANIA!Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for warAlliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect one anotherNationalism – extreme pride in one’s countryImperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically.Assassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand(Which 2 of these causes are in conflict with one another?)
5 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures MilitarismIncrease in Defense ExpendituresFrance10%Britain13%Russia39%Germany73%
9 Nationalism & Imperialism Nationalism is a feeling of intense pride in one’s homeland. Nationalists emphasized their homeland’s culture and interests above other countries and they were willing to go to war to expand their nation at the expense of others.Self-determination is another basic idea of nationalism. Self-determination is the idea that people who share a national identity should have their own country and government.Imperialism: Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution
14 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
15 Domino EffectAustria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia.Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary.Russia pledged their support for Serbia.
16 Domino Effect Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia.Germany declares war on France.Germany invades Belgium on the way to France.Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.
18 America and World War I Reasons for American Neutrality Reasons America Enters the War on the side of the Allies
19 Why was WWI a Stalemate? What’s a stalemate? Neither side can make a move to win.Machine gun. How did this change war? How was it fought before?Trench Warfare = “solution”.Millions die without gaining ground.
31 The German War Machine Germany faced troubles in 1918 A home front revolution forced the Kaiser into exileShortage of soldiers (“Iron Youth” was gone); mutiny in NavyU.S. entry proved to be too much for them (fresh troops & morale)
33 November, 1918 Germany asked for an armistice Nov, 11, > fighting stopped (Armistice Day)The Allied Powers had won the Great WarAn allied blockade of German ports continued until the treaty was signed
35 Result = The Treaty of Versailles (June 28, 1919) (Product of compromise) New independent nations were formed in EuropeEmpires were destroyed & ethnic groups were unitedA League of Nations was formed to maintain peace and prevent future world wars
36 Asked to pay huge reparations ($33 billion) Germany was blamed & punished for WWI (war-guilt clause)Asked to pay huge reparations ($33 billion)Forced to give up large amounts of landMassive disarmament left them w/only a defensive army
37 The Treaty was REJECTED at home, despite Wilson’s efforts Many feared the “League” was just another allianceThe U.S. never joined; rejected by the U.S. Senate in 1920Most Americans desired IsolationismThe U.S. made a separate peace treaty with Germany in 1921
38 Casualties? Total troops mobilized by all countries in WW1 65,038,810 Total troops dead from all countries in WW1 8,556,315Total troops wounded from all countries in WW1 21,219,452Total missing or POWs 7,750,945
43 What were the results? Germany surrendered. Allies impose Treaty of Versailles.Declares Germany guilty for war.Germany must pay reparations to Allies.This sets the stage for WWII!League of Nations formed to try to prevent war in the future.