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Differentiate between the different types of environmental health hazards.

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Presentation on theme: "Differentiate between the different types of environmental health hazards."— Presentation transcript:

1 Differentiate between the different types of environmental health hazards

2 Environmental Protection Agency Government Agency Makes laws and regulations to protect U.S. citizens from environmental health hazards. What types of health hazards might this include? 1 min

3 Environmental Health Hazards Conservation (water, soil, endangered species) Air (Global warming, UV rays, acid rain, pollution) Waste and Recycling (Hazardous/solid waste) Water (Drinking, oceans, ground) Ecosystems (Forests, Habitats, Wetlands) Health and Safety (Mold, Pesticides, Asthma, sun) 3 min

4 Type of EPA HazardSummary Conservation -Saving and preserving the animals, plants, land, energy, and water, so future generations can enjoy what we have. Air -Preventing air pollution to reduce ozone gasses, prevent climate change, and keep the air we breathe clean. Waste and Recycling- Preventing chemicals & other harmful wastes from being thrown away, since they can spill and harm people. Reducing waste. Water -Protecting oceans, lakes, and streams to save wildlife; monitoring our drinking water & ground water so humans don’t get sick. Ecosystems -Protecting animals & plants on land and in the water. Monitoring habitats & helping wildlife. Health & Safety -Protecting & preventing against indoor pollutants like smoke, radon, mercury, lead, e-coli in food.

5 Implement the problem solving process used to diagnose bacterial infections (biological hazards)

6 Problem Solving Process Overview Problem Solving Process Overview Ask Patient Rectal Exam



9 Analyze CAUSES, EFFECTS, SOLUTIONS to pesticides, environmental tobacco smoke, & lead (Chemical hazards)

10 Lead

11 Environmental Tobacco Smoke

12 Mercury

13 Pesticides

14 Radiation & Radon

15 Analyze the causes, solutions, and effects of ultraviolet radiation and ozone depletion & global warming.

16 Analyze data about U.S. occupational hazards; Draw conclusions about occupational hazards.

17 Group 1: Occupational Disease vs. Injury Occupational Disease-abnormal condition, other than injury, caused by an exposure to environmental factors associated with employment. (illnesses from ingesting, absorbing, inhaling toxins) Occupational Injury-results from exposure to a single incident in the work environment (cut, fracture, sprain, amputation, etc)

18 Group 2: Historical Trends Work-related fatality rates in U.S. have declined over past 100 yrs – 81% decline (1912-2005) – One of 10 greatest achievements in public health in the century Decline in injuries/illness since 1992 Many hazards are decreasing as time goes on due to improved technology & increased regulations

19 Group 3: U.S. vs. Other Nations & Geographic Trends US Occ. Fatality rate-4 th highest in European Union Workplace hazards more severe in developing countries Work-related death rates higher in rural states/areas

20 Group 4: Characteristics of Workers AGE: Younger workers typically have lower fatality rates – However, 18-19 yr olds=greatest non-fatal hazards Older workers have the highest fatality rates Working children/teens are of special concern GENDER: Male illness/injury (2/3) > Female (1/3) Women more likely to receive certain health services RACE: Death rates for nonwhites 12% than whites Income is a bigger predictor, as it often determines type of occupation

21 Group 5: Types of Occupational Ilnesses Musculoskeletal Skin Noise-induced hearing loss Respiratory Disorders Poisonings & Infections

22 Group 6: Occupations at Greatest Risk Public sector (government) jobs are at higher risk of occupation injury/disease than private sector jobs! Highest Fatalities: Construction, transportation, agriculture, and mining have highest fatality rates

23 Group 7: 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act – Purpose: “to ensure that employers in the private sector furnish each employee a place to work free from hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm” – Run by: US Dept of Health & Human Services – Role: Yearly data collection Determine which jobs & groups of people need help

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