Presentation on theme: "By: Lauren White Allie Clowney Allan Smith Vincent Farber Thomas Sinner."— Presentation transcript:
By: Lauren White Allie Clowney Allan Smith Vincent Farber Thomas Sinner
Carbohydrates are an organic compound present in the cells of all living things and a major organic nutrient for humans They are composed mostly of the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
A monosaccharide is a monomer of carbohydrates. It is the simplest form of sugar and generally has no color and is water soluble. The chemical formula is CH2O
A monosaccharide is a sugar( like or fructose) that does not hydrolyze to give other sugars; the simplest sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates Ex: glucose, sucrose and, dextrose The carbohydrate formed when two monosaccharide undergo a condensation reaction which involves the elimination of a small molecule, such as water, from the functional groups only. Like monosaccharide, disaccharides also dissolve in water, taste sweet in water and are called sugars. Polysaccharide- structures format of repeating units joined together by glycoside bonds.
They are the main energy source for the human body. Animals( including humans) break down carbs during the process of metabolism to release energy.
Provide energy through metabolism pathways and cycles. Supply carbon for synthesis of other compounds. From structural components in cells and tissue. Store energy in the form of starch (photosynthesis in plant) or glycogen (in animals and humans)