Presentation on theme: "Driver Education Chapter 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 Driver Education Chapter 3 Driver SafetyRules of the RoadSafe driving is the responsibility of all individuals who operate a vehicle on NewJersey roads.Motorists are responsible for the safety of all passengers in the car.
2 New Jersey Seat Belt Law pg 37 All front seat occupants must wear a seatbeltDriver is responsible for all passengers under 18 years oldFront seat passengers 18 years old and over are responsible for themselves
3 Seat Belt Law Continued… State law requires the driver, front seat passenger and children under 18 years old to wear a seatbelt.Not wearing a seat belt is a primary offense.3 exemptions to not wear a seat belt, what are they?
4 Seat Belts 3 exemptions to seat belt law 1- Vehicle manufactured before July 1, 19662 - Medical Reason (verified in writing by a Dr.)3 – Physical Reason (verified in writing by a Dr.)
5 Seat Belts Save LivesWearing a seat belt improves your chances of surviving an accident by 60%Chances of surviving a collision are 3-4x better when wearing seat belt and shoulder strapOnly takes 3 seconds to doHow do seat belts help?
6 Seat Belts Help How? Keep occupants from being ejected Slow the body down with the vehicle. If a vehicle hits something it will stop but the person keeps going at the same speed the vehicle was moving. Hitting dashboard at 30mph = falling from 3-story buildingKeep you from sliding on the seat during sudden stops and turns. Keep you in position to control the vehicle.
7 Car Seats pg.39 Traffic accidents are a leading killer of children Infant Car SeatProtects baby up to 20lbs and 26inchesMust face the rear, never face forward! Why?Convertible Car SeatUsed for infant or toddler up to 40lbs and 40inchesSeat can be adjusted to reclining position and positioned facing the back.When baby weighs at least 17lbs and can sit up without help the seat can be placed in upright position and face forward
8 Child Restraint LawChildren up to age 8 or weigh 80lbs must be in a booster seat in the rear seat of the carChildren under age 8 and over 80lbs must be seated in the back seat of car with seat beltFailure to comply with law $54 fine and court cost
9 Air BagsFederal standards required all manufacturers equip all new cars and trucks with air bags by 1999.Between front air bags saved the lives of 5,303 front seat riders.
10 Air Bags continued… Air bags inflate at speeds up to 200mph. They protect front seat passengers in front end collisions.Combined with a seat belt increases chances of survival.Always have children 12 years old and younger ride in the back seat. Air bags can seriously hurt children.SRS = Supplemental Restraint System
11 Car Condition pg. 43 Things to check before driving! Backup LightsBrakes (ABS)Brake LightsHeadlightsHornSteeringTail LightsTiresSignalsWindshield
12 Window TintingState law prohibits add on tinting on windshields and front side windows
13 Snow and Ice and Blind Spots pg. 44-45 State law requires a motorist to remove snow or ice from the vehicle before driving.Very important to check mirrors and adjust seat before driving your car to eliminate blind spots.Blind Spot – areas where the driver cannot see behind the vehicle (on both sides) through the mirrors.
15 Starting Checklist All windows should be clean Make sure seat is adjusted properlyArms length away from steering wheel and can reach all controls and pedals easilyMirrors should be adjustedSeatbelts fastenedVehicle should be in park or neutral and parking break should be setDoors locked
16 Idling Your Vehicle What does Idling mean? Idling of your vehicle should be restricted to 3 minutes or less.Fine $250-$1000Why do you think we have this law?
17 Driving Techniques pg. 46-47 Correct hand position on the steering wheel is 9 and 3.Hand over hand steering is used for precision maneuvers, steering through curves, intersection entry and exit, and skid recovery.Stopping distance depends on:Motorist reaction timeWeather and road conditionsVehicle weightBrake conditionsConditions and types of tiresRoadway conditionsSpeedThe faster a vehicle is going the longer it will take stop.
18 Proper Braking pg. 48 2 different braking systems Conventional drum and disc brake systemAnti Lock Braking system (ABS)Common mistake of new drivers is slamming on the brake pedal.Steady gentle pressureABS brakes do not pump the brakesAlways use RIGHT foot for both the brake and gas pedalManual transmission (left foot)
19 Driving Signals pg. 49 Use proper signal when… 100 Feet in advance TurningChanging lanesStoppingSlowing down100 Feet in advanceNJ law requires all motorists to know correct hand signals for stopping and turning.Never Rely On Another Drivers Signals!!!
20 Driving In Reverse Make sure there is no one around. Use Mirrors and turn around to check.In reverse, turning the steering wheel to the right will direct the vehicle to the right. Front end opposite direction.Drivers right hand placed over the back of the passenger seat. Left hand on top of steering wheel (Straight Line Only)Reverse slowly 2-4mph2 hands on wheel when reversing not in a straight line (parallel parking).
21 Turning Allow enough time to get into proper lane before turning. 100 feet in advance to get into lane and signalUse mirrors to make sure it is safe.Check for less visible vehiclesSignal firstSlow downKeep a steady speed and follow pavement markingsStay in same lane until turn is completeTurn signal off when turn completed
23 Parking Parking when facing downhill Parking when facing uphill Hand brake set, turn vehicle wheels toward the curbParking when facing uphillHand brake set, turn the wheel away from the curb
24 Angle Parking and Parallel Parking Angle parking most often used in shopping centersSignal when turningCareful backing out of the spotParallel parking is most common parking on city street.Signal first6” or less from the curbPractice in empty Parking lot