Presentation on theme: "Chapter Three Driver Safety and Rules. Seat Belt Law The driver is ALWAYS responsible for enforcing the seat belt law for passengers under the age of."— Presentation transcript:
Seat Belt Law The driver is ALWAYS responsible for enforcing the seat belt law for passengers under the age of 18 WHAT IS THE SEAT BELT LAW????? Answer: all front seat passengers must be wear a belt. GDL permits requires that ALL passengers must where a seat belt seated any where in the vehicle
WHAT ARE SOME WAYS IN WHICH SEAT BELTS ARE HELPFUL?? Take 3 minutes and write down as many as possible
Seat Belts Help in a Number of Ways They keep passengers from being thrown from a car in a collision They prevent passengers from hitting the dashboard or windshield during severe breaking or a collision They keep passengers from sliding on the seat during sudden stops and turns They prevent the driver from sliding off the seat and losing control of the car
HOW MANY OF YOU WEAR A SEAT BELT EVERYTIME YOU ARE IN A CAR?????
PROJECT You are to find two recent article online pertaining to driving and seat belts Once you find the article, it is to be printed out and you are to write an article review on each article
ARTICLE REVIEW Name of the article YOUR NAME ( - 10 for no name!!!) Summarize the article ( where it took place, what happened, who did it involved, what is the main point of the article) What are your feelings on the article Did you learn anything from the article, if so what? **** Most importantly – When is this due????
Car Seats All car seats should have a label verifying that it is approved by the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard When possible, the car seat should always be placed in the back seat If a back seat is not available, the car seat may be placed in the front seat, as far away from the dashboard as possible NEVER place a rear facing seat in the front seat with a vehicle that has a front passenger air bag
Children 12 and under should ALWAYS sit in the backseat!
Child Restraint Law New Jersey’s seat belt law requires ALL FRONT seat passengers to buckle up All passengers between 8 – 18 must wear a seat belt no matter where they sit in the car Children 8 and under who weight less than 80 pounds must sit in a car or booster seat The DRIVER is responsible for ensuring all passengers under 18 are properly restrained by a seat belt or a car seat
Air Bags Air bags are standard equipment in nearly ALL new cars They are identified on the steering wheel and dashboard panel with one of the following abbreviations AIR BAG SRS ( supplemental restraint system) SIR ( supplemental inflatable restraint)
Air Bags Children of any age are safest when seat belted in the back seat of a passenger vehicle
Car Condition ** ALWAYS check a vehicle’s condition before driving it Reverse Lights- Should light when driving in reverse ( Law prohibited reverse lights being in while car is in forward) Brakes – should be smooth and stop a car quickly when necessary. If car pulls one way while braking, or if there is noise, have the brakes checked! Brake Lights - always replace broken brake lights and bulbs immediately!
Car Condition Headlights – help prevent accidents. Always replace broken or dimming bulbs immediately Horn - DO NOT OVERUSE!!! Tap horn when coming out of blind alley, curve or driveway ** While steering on a straight level road, there should be no shimmy or vibrations! Taillights- help prevent accidents by signaling other drivers in the dark Turn signal - clicking sound and signal in car should be working. Immediately fix your turning signals in the event that they are not working. If not possible you MUST use hand signals!!!
Car Conditions Windshield – Should not have chips or cracks in it. It Must always be cleaned inside and out. NJ law prohibits adding tint to windshield and front side windows
Starting Your Car Before getting into a car to drive, look behind and in front of the car to check for children, animals, bottles or anything else that could be broken or injured ALSO…. Make sure window are clean Adjust steering wheel and seat Adjust inside and outside mirrors Fasten safety belt
Also……. Keep good posture while driving Keep both hands on the upper half of the steering wheel Keep car in the center of the lane Keep to the right, oncoming traffic is in the other lane Best way to enter a curve SLOW DOWN FIRST!!!! GRIP THE STEERING WHEEL FIRM!!!!!!!!!
Steering Wheel Where and how do I hold a steering wheel?? Clock
Stopping Distance Stopping distance depends on numerous factors 1. individual reaction time 2. weather and road conditions 3.Vehicle weight 4.Brake conditions 5.Conditions and types of tires 6. roadway conditions 7. speed
Proper Braking In class assignment Look up the differences between conventional drum and disc system or anti lock braking system
Proper Braking Do Not push or stomp on the brake if there no emergency …. Your car will jerk forward!!!! This will quickly wear out your brakes Apply gentle pressure while applying foot on the brake while bringing the car to a controlled stop Use the right foot to both accelerating and braking If vehicle is an automatic, use the left foot for the clutch
Driver Signals **** Always give proper driving signals when driving ******* ALWAYS USE YOUR TURN SIGNALS**** Turn on your turn signals at least 100 feet before turning ( about 30 yards) NJ law requires that all drivers also know the correct hand signals…. These hand signals are standard in ALL states
Driving in Reverse Before driving in reverse, be sure the path is clear by checking all mirrors and turning to check Obviously, steering to the right will move the car to the right, steering to the left will move the car to the left The driver’s head and body should be turned to the right to get a clear possible view
Driving in Reverse To accomplish this position. Place your right hand on the top of the passenger seat and steer the vehicle with your left hand ( grasping the top of the steering wheel) *** ALWAYS REMEMBER: when driving in reverse, the front of the vehicle will swing in the opposite direction of the turn ************** this skill must be mastered in order to pass your road test******************
Parking Always set your hand brake/ parking brake When parking on a decline facing downhill, to ensure the vehicle does not roll into traffic, turn the wheel toward the curb and shift into park When parking on an incline facing uphill, turn wheels away from the curb and shift into park
Angle Parking Angle parking is often used in shopping centers and sometimes in store fronts Steps 1. check for traffic in front and behind you ( why behind you????) 2. signal then begin to slow down 3. make sure the rear of the car will clear any parked car 4. steer into spot then straighten out the wheels, making sure the car is in the center of the space 5. always remember to pit your car in parking before shutting off the car
Angle Parking 1. look behind you, make sure there are no people or cars behind you 2. back up slowly until the left front wheel passes the rear bumper of the car parked on the left 3. straighten the wheels once you have entered the traffic lane
Parallel Parking ********** You MUST possess this skill in order to pass the road test********** Pg. 27