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Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) With Biomass Producing Biofuels, Biopower, and Biobased Products.

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Presentation on theme: "Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) With Biomass Producing Biofuels, Biopower, and Biobased Products."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) With Biomass Producing Biofuels, Biopower, and Biobased Products

2 BIOMASS – THE POWERFUL ENGINE THAT WILL:  Improve National, Energy and Homeland Security  Create thousands of New Basic Industries and Millions of Jobs – Could add 10%+ to US refining capacity  Reduce Trade Deficit  Enhance the Environment, Improve Public Health, and Reduced GHG Emissions  Build Bridges Between Urban and Rural Communities

3 Biomass Resources are Readily Available From:  Agriculture and Forestry Crops and Residues  Rights-of-Way, Parks, Yard and Garden Trimmings  The Biomass Fraction of Municipal Waste  Animal and Human Wastes  Aquatic Sources Including Algae Essentially an Inexhaustible Supply

4 Biomass Resources Are Producing  Biofuels Including, Ethanol, Methanol, Other Alcohols, Biodiesel, BioOils, Biogas, Landfill Gas and Renewable Hydrogen  Electricity, Cogenerated and Stand Alone Thermal Energy  Biobased Chemicals and Biobased Products – Essentially, Anything Not Made Out of Glass or Minerals Can be Made From Biomass

5 Biomass and Bioenergy – The Rising Powerhouse  World-Wide Creativity is Generating New Science and Technology to Meet the Potential of the Biorefinery Concept.  This Rapidly Rising Productivity Will Work Cooperatively With Energy Efficiency, the Other Renewable Energy Technologies and the Fossil Energy Industries.  Together, They Will Meet US Energy Needs While Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Improving the Overall Environment, Generating New Basic Industries and Jobs, and addressing national and trade deficits.

6 Minimize Economic and Political Disruptions  Work Cooperatively with Oil, Auto, Gas, Coal and Utility Industries to Transition from Heavy Carbon to Lighter Carbon Fuels and Energy Systems (Solar, Wind, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass and Renewable Hydrogen.  Pursue a Transition Schedule that Advances Society while Reducing Pollution and GHGs and Improves Public Health.

7 Biomass -- All Systems Go  Bioethanol – 3.5 Billion Gallons, 19%/yr increase over past three years  Biodiesel – 30 million Gallons, 600%/yr increase in the past four years  Landfill and anaerobic digester gas rising too fast to keep up with data collection  Biomethanol coming on strong  Organic farming and composting on the raise – 5 to 10% annual increase over past 5 years

8 All Systems GO (Cont.)  Biooils gaining momentum  Biopower, 6.8% of nations electricity – produced and avoided -- and gaining  Biobased products, $250 million and growing rapidly  28 Emerging technologies and advances in commercial operations – opportunities for nanotechnologies

9 Example – Low Tech  About 2 billion people use wood or animal waste (very inefficiently) to cook;  Lease solar cookers, paid for by planting and carrying for trees;  Use animal and human waste in simple digesters to produce electricity and fertilizers for trees  Sell carbon credits generated by solar cookers, growing of trees and reduced emissions from inefficient cooking when using wood and animal wastes  Economy is advanced, life improved, pollution reduced, soil enhanced, trees growing for future use, etc.

10 Example – High Tech  Pyrolize biomass, produce ammonia, hydrogen and charcoal.  Combine ammonia and charcoal to produce ammonium bicarbonate  Spray into flue gases of coal fired power plants absorb CO2, NOx and SOx  Produce high quality fertilizers, combine with charcoal and introduce into soils.  Increase production of crops and glomalin – sequestering CO2.  No CO2 emissions from coal plants.

11 Example – High Tech  Introduce low-value crop residue into ethanol plant;  Pretreat with dilute acid;  Use enzymes to convert cellulose and hemicellulose (about 2/3 of crop residue) to fermentable sugars;  Ferment to fuel grade ethanol  Use lignin (about 1/3 of process residue) to produce steam and electricity for facility

12 Example – Old/New High Tech  Fischer Tropsch (F-T), Germany, WWII and South Africa  Methanol in East Germany for past 30 years  Natural and other gases to Liquid Fuels  Biomass to gas, to clean Sun Diesel  Hybrid electric “plug in” to “smart” facility, 100 MPG on Sun Diesel

13 Example – Medium Tech  Combine soy bean or other plant oils with animal fats, used cooking oils and yellow/trap greases.  Add solvent like methanol or ethanol and catalyst like sodium hydroxide, mix, let settle and separate.  Produces Biodiesel and glycerin (a marketable product)  Add 2% biodiesel to diesel fuel to improve lubricity/emissions and 20% to significantly reduce emissions

14 Next Steps  Track and Help Coordinate progress on 28+ Biomass technologies  Highlight Importance of Reduced Dependence on Oil – National Security  Work Cooperatively with Oil, Gas, Coal, and Utilities Industries  Work to Eliminate Permitting and Licensing Delays at Local, State and Federal Levels.

15 2816 Claudia Court Vienna, Virginia 22180 Phone: 703-204-2344 Cell: 202-213-9581 Chair, New Uses Council Director, Biomass Coordinating Council www. Contact Info

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