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Presentation on theme: "Tobacco."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tobacco

2 Lesson 1 – The Effects Of Tobacco Use

3 Quick Start – Most people know that using tobacco is harmful
Quick Start – Most people know that using tobacco is harmful. Why do you think some people continue to use tobacco products? Write your response on a sheet of paper.

4 Experts say that nicotine is more addictive than heroin or cocaine.
According to the Surgeon General, tobacco use, particularly smoking, is the number one cause of preventable disease and death in the United States.

5 The government requires all tobacco products to carry warning labels.
Addictive Substance – A substance that causes physiological or psychological dependence. Nicotine – The addictive drug found in tobacco leaves

6 * Nicotine raises blood pressure, increases heart rate, and contributes to heart disease and stroke.
Stimulant – A drug that increases the action of the central nervous system.

7 Carcinogen – A cancer causing substance.
**Cigarettes contain 43 known carcinogens, including cyanide, formaldehyde, and arsenic. They also contain chemicals used in insecticides, paint, toilet cleaners, antifreeze, and explosives.

8 Tar – A thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns.
As tar penetrates the smoker’s respiratory system, it destroys cilia, tiny hairlike structures that line the upper airways and protect against infection.

9 Tar damages the alveoli, or air sacs, which absorb oxygen and rid the body of carbon dioxide.
Tar also destroys lung tissue, making the lungs less able to function.

10 Carbon Monoxide – A colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas that is also found in cigarettes

11 Smokeless Tobacco Smokeless Tobacco – Tobacco that is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed. Leukoplakia – Thickened, white, leathery-looking spots on the inside of the mouth that can develop into oral cancer.

12 Because smokeless tobacco is held in the mouth for a length of time, it delivers both nicotine and carcinogens to the body at levels that can be 2 to 3 times the amount delivered by a single cigarette. People who chew 8 to 10 plugs of tobacco each day take in the same amount of nicotine as a two pack a day smoker.

Changes in brain chemistry Increased respiration and heart rate Dulled taste buds and reduced appetite Bad breath and smelly hair, clothes, and skin


15 Chronic Bronchitis Repeated tobacco use leads to a buildup of tar in the lungs, causing chronic coughing and excessive mucus secretion.

16 Emphysema This is a disease that destroys the tiny air sacs in the lungs. The air sacs become less elastic, making it more difficult for the lungs to absorb oxygen. A person with advanced emphysema uses up to 80 % of his or her energy just to breathe.

17 Lung Cancer Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke

18 Other Consequences Legal Consequences Social Consequences
Financial Consequences

19 Lesson 2 – Choosing To Live Tobacco Free

20 Reduced Smoking Among Teens
Reports show that nationally 28% of high school students smoke. This is down from 36% in 1997.

21 Reasons For Reduced Smoking Among Teens
Antismoking campaigns Financial cost Societal pressures Family influence

22 Benefits Of Living Tobacco Free
Lowers risk of lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke Improves cardiovascular endurance and lung function Increases physical fitness and enhances athletic performance

23 Strategies For Preventing Tobacco Use
Choose friends who don’t use tobacco Avoid situations where tobacco products may be used Practice and use refusal skills

24 What Happens When A Smoker Quits
Within 20 minutes blood pressure and pulse rate drop. Body temperature in limbs returns to normal Within 8 hours oxygen levels return to normal In 24 hours the chance of a heart attack begins to decrease

25 In 3 days breathing becomes easier as lung capacity increases
Within 2 to 3 months lungs function up to 30% better Within 1 to 9 months lung cilia regrow and coughing, sinus congestion, and shortness of breath decrease

26 In 1 year the risk of coronary heart disease is cut in half
In 5 years the risk of lung cancer and cancers of the mouth, throat, and esophagus is reduced by 50%. Stroke risk is also decreased In 10 years the risk of cancer of the bladder, kidney, cervix, and pancreas decreases

27 Why doSome Teens Use Tobacco ?
On a sheet of paper, list 5 reasons why teens use tobacco

28 Reasons Why Teens Give Up Tobacco
They begin to have health problems, such as asthma or respiratory infections They have a desire, will, and commitment to stop They realize how expensive it is

29 They find it difficult to purchase tobacco products because selling tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 is illegal in all 50 states They realize the damaging effects of secondhand smoke and don’t want to harm their families and friends.

30 Stopping The Addiction Cycle
Nicotine Withdrawal – The process that occurs in the body when nicotine, an addictive drug, is no longer used. Nicotine Substitute – A product that delivers small amounts of nicotine into the user’s system while he or she is trying to give up the tobacco habit.

31 Tips For Quitting Prepare for the day. Set a target date
Get support and encouragement Access professional health service Replace tobacco use with healthier alternatives. Change daily behavior Engage in healthful behaviors.

32 Lesson 3– Choosing To Live Tobacco Free

33 Quick Start – Many communities encourage a smoke-free environment in which people can live, work, and play. What places in our community are smoke free? List the benefits of a smoke-free environment.

34 Risks For Smokers and Nonsmokers
Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) = Secondhand Smoke (ETS) – Air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke

35 Mainstream Smoke – Smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker.
Sidestream Smoke – The smoke from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar.

36 Effects Of Smoke On Unborn Children And Infants
Smoking during pregnancy can seriously harm the developing fetus. Nicotine passes through the placenta, constricting the blood vessels of the fetus Carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen levels in the mother’s and the fetus’s blood.

37 These negative effects increase the risk of:
Impaired Fetal growth Miscarriage Prenatal death

38 Premature delivery Low birth weight Deformities Stillbirths

39 Effects Of Smoke On Young Children
Children of smokers tend to have a higher incidence of sore throats, ear infections, and upper respiratory problems than children of nonsmokers

40 Children who live with smokers have double the risk of developing lung cancer than children of nonsmokers ****Children of smokers are nearly 3 times likely to smoke as children of nonsmokers

41 Working Toward National Health Goals
One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 is to reduce the number of people who use tobacco and the number of deaths associated with tobacco use

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