Key Terms, cont. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)- air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke Mainstream Smoke Sidestream Smoke
What’s in a cigarette?? Cigarettes contain 43 known carcinogens, including cyanide, formaldehyde, and arsenic. Cigarettes also contain poisonous chemicals used in insecticides, paint, toilet cleaners, antifreeze, and explosives.
How Tobacco Effects The Body Changes in brain chemistry Increased respiration and heart rate Dulled taste buds and reduced appetite Bad breathe and smelly hair, clothes, and skin Chronic Bronchitis Emphysema Lung Cancer Coronary heart disease and stroke
Why does the body want more? The constriction of the blood vessels causes a mild high. When the vessels return to normal, there is a sensation of restlessness and irritation. The smoker or oral tobacco user does not like the discomfort and will repeat the behavior that produced the pleasure. This causes a cycle of use that becomes habitual. The frequent use builds up an addiction to nicotine.
Other Consequences Legal consequences– illegal under the age of 18 Social consequences– many places are banning smoking from social settings (i.e. restaurants, etc.) Financial consequences– someone who smokes a pack of cigarettes a day can spend more than $1,500 each year just on cigarettes.
Strategies for Preventing Use of Tobacco Choose friends who don’t use tobacco Avoid situations where tobacco products may be used Practice and use refusal skills
Reasons Teens May Use Cope with times of stress or crisis Weight control Peer pressure Media Imitate or model someone else
Reasons Teens May Quit They begin to have health problems, such as asthma or respiratory infections. They have the desire, will, and commitment to stop. They realize how expensive the habit is. They realize that using tobacco can lead to other risky behaviors, such as the use of alcohol and other drugs. They realize the damaging effects of secondhand smoke.
Benefits of Quitting Within 20 minutes blood pressure and pulse rates drop. Within 8 hours oxygen levels return to normal. In 24 hours the chance of heart attack begins to decrease. In 48 hours nerve endings begin to regrow. Senses of taste and smell improve.
Benefits of Quitting, cont. In 3 days breathing becomes easier as lung capacity increases. Within 2 weeks to 3 months lungs function up to 30 percent better. Within 1 to 9 months lung cilia regrow, and coughing, sinus congestion, and shortness of breath decrease. In 1 year the risk of coronary heart disease is cut in half. In 5 years the risk of lung cancer and cancers of the mouth, throat, and esophagus is reduced by 50 percent. In 10 years the risk of cancer of the bladder, kidney, cervix, and pancreas decreases.
Hookah Although many believe that the water in the hookah filters out all the "bad stuff" in the tobacco smoke, this isn't true. According to a World Health Organization advisory, a typical one-hour session of hookah smoking exposes the user to 100 to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette. Even after passing through water, tobacco smoke still contains high levels of toxic compounds, including carbon monoxide, heavy metals and cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens). Hookah smoking also delivers significant levels of nicotine — the addictive substance in tobacco. The Mayo Clinic
Conclusion Consequences of tobacco use Benefits of quitting Reasons teens may use Questions??