Presentation on theme: "September 29, 2014 Bob Cooper, Ildiko Horvath. Next Monday your bibliographies are due in! Bibliography: A properly formatted bibliography following."— Presentation transcript:
Next Monday your bibliographies are due in! Bibliography: A properly formatted bibliography following the academic style most common in the discipline of your major (e.g. MLA, APA, Chicago, etc…) that includes three secondary peer-reviewed sources.
What it includes: Main ideas or most important points only Use your own words
When to use it: Main ideas in a paragraph Findings of a study Original is too long to paraphrase or quote How to use it: Part of a sentence or an entire article
What it includes: Main points of a work Same order Leaves our most sub-points and all detail Your own words ¼ to 1/3 of the original in length
When to use it: Include another writer’s points in your paper How to use it: (See page 23) Integrate into your writing smoothly
What it includes: All of the original Your own words Structure changed (if possible)
When to use it: Refer to material directly relevant to your point How to use it: Small but significant passages
What it includes: Words and punctuation of the original Quotation marks
When to use it: Important material Memorably phrased or Difficult to paraphrase How to use it: Integrate grammatically and smoothly. Brackets [ ] and ellipsis (…) when needed.
Summary ◦ Uses main idea(s) ◦ Uses your own words ◦ Omits detail ◦ Is shorter than original Paraphrase ◦ Includes all the original ◦ Uses your own words ◦ Is about the length of the original
Direct quotations ◦ Use words of original ◦ Include quotation marks around passage ◦ In general, do not quote directly if you are citing statistics you are giving factual information the passage is easy to summarize or paraphrase ◦ Do quote directly if the words or phrasing is significant the source is authoritative the passage is difficult to summarize or paraphrase
Combining direct quotations and summary/ paraphrase ◦ Contributes to efficient writing ◦ Stresses significant words Omitting unneeded words in direct quotations ◦ Use three spaced dots (...) to show one or more words omitted ◦ Use four spaced dots to show words omitted to end of sentence
Use square brackets […] to indicate changes to a direct quotation Adding or changing words ◦ To correct grammar ◦ To make stylistic change ◦ To clarify or add needed information
Read “Some Summary Writing Strategies” on page 25. Can you think of any other strategies for successful summary writing? Read “Outline to Summary: an Example” on pages 25-27. Is the summary on page 27 successful? Answer the “Review Questions” together on page 28.
Complete the quiz. Make sure you put your name on it because this is how we will take today’s attendance!