Read & Take Notes For every source: Citation information Title, author, publisher, place and date of publication Outline main ideas and supporting details If you use the text verbatim, make sure to use quotation marks and cite If you summarize or paraphrase an idea, you don’t need to use quotations but you do need to cite
Index Card Method Write each fact on a separate index card by hand Color code the cards according to the source Later, you can lay the cards out to organize your outline
Word Processing Method Type your notes for each source in a Word document Color code the text based on the source Later, you can cut and paste the text to organize your outline
Organize Ideas Think about all of the sources you read. What main ideas or patterns stand out? Review your notes. What themes are repeated? Group related ideas from different sources together. Each main idea will later form a paragraph. Set aside or discard notes that don’t fit with your main ideas. Index Card Method: Group cards with similar ideas together. Word Processing Method: Cut and paste similar ideas together in a list.
Outline Paper List your main ideas. Put them in a logical order. Distinguish between main ideas and supporting details. Put them in a logical order. Some research papers follow this outline: Abstract: Summary Introduction: Topic, Research Questions, Literature Review, Hypotheses, Design Methods: Participants, Materials, Procedure Results: Data & Statistics Discussion: Interpretation & Evaluation
Write Paper Write one paragraph for each of your main ideas Remember that each paragraph should have: Topic Sentence Supporting Sentences Concluding Sentence Convert outline into full sentences as you write Provide in-text citations after every piece of information from your sources
Write Paper You should not have a quotation in every sentence of your paragraph Use your own words and ideas For each piece of cited information, you can: Clarify by restating it in your own words Explain your interpretation Connect the information to other pieces of information Show why that information is important or significant to the main idea of the paragraph Show why that information is important or significant to your overall research topic
Revise Paper When you are done writing, read your paper Are there parts that are unclear? Are there explanations or examples you could add? Are the ideas in the paragraph in a logical order? Are the paragraphs in a logical order? Would someone unfamiliar with the topic understand your writing? Make changes to organization and content Add Delete Move
Format Paper MLA https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ APA https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Chicago Style https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/ Consult Style Guide for formatting rules, especially for citations.
Cite Sources Create a Works Cited page that lists all of your references Follow the format depending on what style you are using If you took good notes at the beginning, this is much easier! Make sure in-text citations correspond with the Works Cited page