Presentation on theme: "What is Music ? an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner. IN PLAIN."— Presentation transcript:
What is Music ? an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner. IN PLAIN WORDS….the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments.
Origins of Music History There are six periods of music Each music period has a particular style of music that has greatly contributed to what music is today
1 Medieval/Middle Ages (500-1400) 2 Renaissance (1400-1600) 3 Baroque (1600-1750) 4 Classical (1750-1825) 5 Romantic (1825-1910) 6 20 th Century (1910-2000) Music History Timeline
Medieval Ages Music Timeline (500-1400) Pic Credit - Replica of the helmet found at Sutton Hoo, in the burial of an Anglo-Saxon leader, probably a king, about 620 in the Early Middle Ages Sutton HooAnglo-Saxona kingEarly Middle Ages 
Medieval Music Advancements Musical notation began Birth of polyphony Early music notation
Monophonic and Polyphonic Music of this time is categorized into monophonic and polyphonic styles Monophonic means one note at a time Polyphonic means two or more different notes at the same time.
Plainchant (or Gregorian Chant) What is it? Definition: a form of medieval church music that involves chanting It was the only type of music allowed in Christian churches early on It was believed that music should make a listener receptive to spiritual thoughts and reflections
The Introit, scripted in “neumes” in the 14th—15th century Plainchant Music
Renaissance Musical Instruments The Shawm The Dulcian The Trumpet
The Shawm Has a conical bore It has 7 to 8 finger holes At the end of the bore is a large bell Was mostly used in outdoor ceremonial events
Dulcian The dulcian is a predecessor of the shawm A precursor of the bassoon Dulcians are easier to transport than the shawm due to its smaller size Dulcians produce sound that is less piercing than the shawm
Trumpet The most commonly used is the B flat trumpet There is also the C, D, and E-flat and piccolo trumpet
Baroque Music Timeline (1600-1750) “Baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre (very strange)
Baroque Advancements: A time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments. The development of opera and instrumental music The violin was also considered an important musical instrument during this time
Venice and the Opera In 1573, a group of musicians and intellectuals came together to discuss various subjects This group of individuals are known as the “Florentine Camerata”,
The composer Claudio Monteverdi was an important contributor, specifically his opera ”Orfeo”; the first opera to gain public welcomeClaudio Monteverdi
Classical Music Timeline (1750-1825) It is characterized by simpler melodies such as the sonatas. The primary instrument is piano
Major Composers of the Period Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven Giuseppe Verdi Antonio Vivaldi
Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori created around 1709 in Florence. Changes in his early invention became the basic of the modern piano. Very popular in the mid-18th century
Romantic Music Timeline (1825-1910) Characterized by using music to tell a story or express an idea the use of various instruments including wind instruments
What is Romanticism? A concept that included different art forms from music to painting to literature. During the 19th century, Vienna and Paris were the centers of musical activity
20 th Century Music Timeline (1910-2000) brought about many innovations on how music was performed and appreciated used technology to enhance compositions
20 th Century Music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology no longer limited to concerts, opera-houses, clubs, and domestic music-making
Rock and roll Often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll Evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s Combination of African American blues, country, jazz and gospel music.
Either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument Generally replaced by guitar in the middle to late 1950s Now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock".
Hip Hop Music also called rap music consisting of a stylized rhythmic music commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted