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What is Music ?  an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner.  IN PLAIN.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Music ?  an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner.  IN PLAIN."— Presentation transcript:



3 What is Music ?  an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner.  IN PLAIN WORDS….the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments.

4 Origins of Music History There are six periods of music Each music period has a particular style of music that has greatly contributed to what music is today

5 1 Medieval/Middle Ages (500-1400) 2 Renaissance (1400-1600) 3 Baroque (1600-1750) 4 Classical (1750-1825) 5 Romantic (1825-1910) 6 20 th Century (1910-2000) Music History Timeline

6 Medieval Ages Music Timeline (500-1400) Pic Credit - Replica of the helmet found at Sutton Hoo, in the burial of an Anglo-Saxon leader, probably a king, about 620 in the Early Middle Ages [1]Sutton HooAnglo-Saxona kingEarly Middle Ages [1]

7 Medieval Music Advancements Musical notation began Birth of polyphony Early music notation

8 Monophonic and Polyphonic Music of this time is categorized into monophonic and polyphonic styles Monophonic means one note at a time Polyphonic means two or more different notes at the same time.

9 Plainchant (or Gregorian Chant) What is it? Definition: a form of medieval church music that involves chanting It was the only type of music allowed in Christian churches early on It was believed that music should make a listener receptive to spiritual thoughts and reflections

10 The Introit, scripted in “neumes” in the 14th—15th century Plainchant Music

11 Gregorian Chant

12 As singers continued experimenting with melodies, polyphony became more elaborate and complex

13 Major instrument of the time: The Lute is shaped like a pear a short neck, a sound hole carved with a rose pattern strings that varied in numbers early lute is the peg box which was angled back

14 Renaissance Music Timeline (1400-1600) Renaissance or "rebirth," a period of significant changes in history, including music

15 Humanism in Music A new philosophy called “humanism” developed in Italy It emphasized that life should be viewed as a preparation for death

16 Dutch composers and musicians were arranged to teach and perform in Italian courts The invention of printing helped spread these new ideas

17 Instrumental Music By the second half of the 1500s instrumental music began to take shape The lute was widely used at that time Eventually mixed instruments were used

18 Mixed instruments are played

19 Renaissance Musical Instruments  The Shawm  The Dulcian  The Trumpet

20 The Shawm  Has a conical bore  It has 7 to 8 finger holes  At the end of the bore is a large bell  Was mostly used in outdoor ceremonial events

21 Dulcian  The dulcian is a predecessor of the shawm  A precursor of the bassoon  Dulcians are easier to transport than the shawm due to its smaller size  Dulcians produce sound that is less piercing than the shawm

22 Trumpet The most commonly used is the B flat trumpet There is also the C, D, and E-flat and piccolo trumpet

23 Baroque Music Timeline (1600-1750) “Baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre (very strange)

24 Baroque Advancements: A time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments. The development of opera and instrumental music The violin was also considered an important musical instrument during this time

25 Venice and the Opera In 1573, a group of musicians and intellectuals came together to discuss various subjects This group of individuals are known as the “Florentine Camerata”,

26  The composer Claudio Monteverdi was an important contributor, specifically his opera ”Orfeo”; the first opera to gain public welcomeClaudio Monteverdi

27 Classical Music Timeline (1750-1825) It is characterized by simpler melodies such as the sonatas. The primary instrument is piano

28 Major Composers of the Period Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven Giuseppe Verdi Antonio Vivaldi

29 Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori created around 1709 in Florence. Changes in his early invention became the basic of the modern piano. Very popular in the mid-18th century

30 Romantic Music Timeline (1825-1910) Characterized by using music to tell a story or express an idea the use of various instruments including wind instruments

31 What is Romanticism? A concept that included different art forms from music to painting to literature. During the 19th century, Vienna and Paris were the centers of musical activity

32 The Flute

33 The Saxophone

34 The Tuba

35 20 th Century Music Timeline (1910-2000) brought about many innovations on how music was performed and appreciated used technology to enhance compositions

36 20 th Century Music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology no longer limited to concerts, opera-houses, clubs, and domestic music-making

37 Rock and roll  Often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll  Evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s  Combination of African American blues, country, jazz and gospel music.

38  Either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument  Generally replaced by guitar in the middle to late 1950s  Now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock".

39 Hip Hop Music  also called rap music  consisting of a stylized rhythmic music  commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted

40 Music Education : Medieval : Renaissance : Baroque : Classical : Romantic : 20 th Century :

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