Presentation on theme: "The Classical Period 1750-1820. Classical Period: World Changes The French Revolution Napoleonic Wars The American Revolution Signing of the."— Presentation transcript:
Classical Period: World Changes The French Revolution Napoleonic Wars The American Revolution Signing of the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights In Europe it was much more possible to enjoy and participate in leisure activities In the music world, patronage system started to die out First public concerts where people paid admission to attend
Classical Period: Music Instead of ornate music with trills and sudden changes in style, music was now more simple, balanced, non-emotional Music is now called “Absolute Music” – music now has straight forward titles such as “Symphony No. 1” – music is not for dancing and special occasions anymore Music is now performed in recital halls and concert halls
Classical Period: The Symphony Modern symphony was born with full strings, clarinets, bassoons, oboes and flutes Harpsichord became obsolete Trumpets and horns were still valveless so they only played the harmony There were still no tubas, trombones and extensive percussion – weren’t introduced yet Vienna was the musical center of Europe
Classical Period: Composers Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven
Classical Period: Opera Opera started to decline compared to instrumental music Without a wealthy patron, there was not funding for opera Opera became something only for the the wealthy to enjoy
Classical Period: Instrumental Music Baroque Concerto evolved into the Classical Concerto: soloist was featured as the rest of the orchestra provided accompaniment – each instrument of the orchestra had a concerto written for it. Baroque Concerto grosso grew into the Classical symphony Symphony means “sounding together” and it implies the full orchestra playing at the same time.
Classical Period: Instrumental Music Classical symphonies had 3 movements very much like the Baroque concerto grosso – fast- slow-fast Composers soon started adding a final movement in ¾ time Hundreds of symphonies were written during this time Haydn alone wrote 104 symphonies, the Surprise Symphony being his most famous