3 The Baroque PeriodInstrumental music became dominant in the Baroque, and most of the major music forms we know of today were defined.Counterpoint was one of the major forces in both the instrumental and the vocal music of the period; in counterpoint two melodies that were equally beautiful but had different rhythms could be played or sung at the same time and sound good together.Example: Bach CounterpointAlthough a strong religious musical tradition continued, secular music came to be nearly as common.Much of Baroque music was designed for improvisation.
4 Notable EventsThe idea of the modern orchestra was born, along with opera, the concerto, sonata, and cantata, as well as other forms.Extensive ornamentation was prominent.The viol of the Renaissance was replaced with the violin, viola, and cello, and later the contrabass may have been added.
5 InstrumentsThe fortepiano (a precursor to the piano), the chalumeau (precursor to the clarinet), and eventually the clarinet, and bassoon were invented.ChalumeauBaroque Bassoon& Modern Bassoon. >Clarinet1760Fortepiano
6 The RecorderRecorders have been in use since before the Renaissnace period, when they gained great popularity.In the Baroque period the recorder underwent some changes to make the tone sweeter, and this is where we get the modern recorders that students learn in school.
7 Composers Johann Sebastian Bach George Frideric Handel Georg Philipp TelemannAntonioVivaldi
9 The Classical PeriodClassical music is less complicated than Baroque music and is characterized by homophony, where two or more parts move together in harmony, or by an obvious melody with an accompaniment.Classical composers put an emphasis on clarity and on form, and music followed strict guidelines.The harpsichord was replaced by the piano, and instrumental music was emphasized over choral music.The makeup of the orchestra became standardized, partially due to Beethoven’s influence and the musicians he called for in his writing.
10 InstrumentsThe piano came into wide use, replacing the harpsichord, and the French horn was given a key system and began to resemble the modern French horn of today.The serpent (horn) was replaced by the ophicleide, which was a precursor to the tuba.
11 Notable Composers Joseph Haydn And Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven Franz Schuberttransitioned from classical into theRomantic Period and so areconsidered part of both periods.
12 Need to Know Approximate time periods The piano came into use in classical periodClassical music is less complicated than BaroqueWhat period Bach and Handel are in (Baroque).What period Haydn and Mozart are from (Classical)What two periods Beethoven is in (Classical and Romantic)What homophony is (two parts that move together)The orchestra became standardized in the Classical period, mostly through Beethoven’s influence.Order: Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical.