Presentation on theme: "World War II Unit 7 Lesson 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 World War II Unit 7 Lesson 1 10.8 Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II.1. Compare the German, Italian, and Japanese drives for empire in the 1930s, includingthe 1937 Rape of Nanking, other atrocities in China, and the Stalin-Hitler Pact of 1939.2. Understand the role of appeasement, nonintervention (isolationism), and the domesticdistractions in Europe and the United States prior to the outbreak of World War II.
2 What you will learn Anschluss Sudetenland Appeasement Pacifism How Europe mishandled Hitler.Axis powersNazi-Soviet Pact
3 The Treaty of Versailles Weimar RepublicDepressionHigh unemploymentInflationReparations
9 Adolf Hitler Born in Austria in 1889 Failed artist Worked for the Weimar Rep.sent to spy on a group called the National Socialists German Workers party ( NAZI)Tried to lead a revolt in 1923Mein Kampf (my Struggle)
10 NAZI gain power1928 to 1932 NAZI gain power by being voted into the German LegislaturePres. Von Hindenburg asks Hitler to become his ChancellorHindenburg dies and Hitler appoints himself President and ChancellorHe rounds up any rivals to the NAZI
11 Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles Hitler test LofNbuilt up German military1936 sent troops in the dmz near FranceWestern nations did not denounce HitlerThey APPEASED him.adopted an appeasement policy
13 Austria and Sudetenland 1938 Nazi propaganda worked in AustriaHitler started the Anschluss or reunification of Austria and GermanyHitler turned to Czechoslovakia3 million Germans in the Sudetenland be independentSept The Sudetenland annexed
14 Hitler on the attackAustria annexed: Anschluss – union of Austria and Germany. Germany takes over Austria and violates the Treaty of VersaillesCzech Crisis – Hitler Takes over the SudetenlandMunich Conference – French and British leaders give over the area Sudetenland in Czech. Hitler promises never to expand German Territory
15 Munich Conference 1938 Prime Minister Chamberlain -GB Hitler gets to keep the Sudetenland and Austriaas long as he promises to stop there
18 Why Appeasement? France was demoralized, could not take on Hitler Britain did not want to confront HitlerSome thought the Treaty of Versailles was too hard on GermanyOthers thought fascism was better than the spread of communismMost opposed war
19 Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainNow we have “peace in our time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with.
20 Nazi Soviet Pact August 1939 nonaggression pact with Stalin Called the Nazi-Soviet PactPromised to be peacefulPrivately agreed to divide Poland if they went to warPromised to not fight each otherSept Germany invades Poland
22 Appeasement fails to work In takes over the rest of CzechoslovakiaF and GB promise to protect PolandNazi-Soviet Pact- Promise not to attack each other if war breaks out.Both would divide up eastern Europe.
26 Italy’s Path to War Overview Benito MussoliniFascismMilitarism put people to work building weaponsAttacked Ethiopia –
27 Benito Mussolini Fascism Militarism put people to work building weaponsAttacked Ethiopia
28 IMPACT: ITALY AND GERMANY GET BOLD 1930S Mussolini and Hitler took noteMussolini: invaded Ethiopia in 1935Ethiopian King Haile Selassie asked LofN for helpLeague voted sanctions on Italydid not stop Mussolini
29 Italy Invades Ethiopia Italy was defeated by Ethiopia in 18961935 Italy attacks Ethiopia againKing Haile Selassie appeals to the League of Nations – applies sanctions against Italy – basically does nothing –
31 Japan’s Path to War: An Overview ImperialistCreated a dictatorship lead by military leadershipManchurian Incident – Japan needed war supplies, a Japanese RxR is exploded and blamed on the Chinese. Take over Manchuria.League of Nations condemn aggression.Japan withdrawals for L of N.Rape of NankingMade an alliance with Germany and Italy called the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis
33 Japanese Aggression Japan’s goal: have an empire = to Western powers Action: invaded Manchuria in 1931Significant: proved the LofN was WEAKAction: 1937 Japan invade China starting Second Sino-Japanese warSig: West could do NOTHING!!