2 Aggression Goes Unchecked Japan on the move~Japan wants an empire equal to the western powers.1931 Japan seizes ManchuriaLeague of Nations condemns Japan’s aggressionJapan with draws from the League.1937 Japanese armies overrun much of eastern China despite protests from the west.
4 Aggression Goes Unchecked Italy invades Ethiopia~1935Mussolini desires to pursue his own imperialist ambitions.Memories of previous defeat in Ethiopia (1896) still linger.1935 Italy invades Ethiopia who is no match for Italy’s militarytanks, guns, poison gas, & planes.
5 Italy invades Ethiopia~1935 cont Ethiopian King Haile Selassie appeals to the League of Nations for help.League imposes sanctions on Italy for violating international law.Sanctions were not enforced
7 Spanish Civil War~1936 Spain moves from a monarchy to a republic. New government makes controversial changesredistributing wealth & giving more rights to women.Civil war erupts between the republic & conservative nationalist group (Francis Franco)Several European countries take sidesHitler & Mussolini – NationalistsStalin- Republic
8 Spanish Civil War~1936 cont. Hitler experiments with new military technologyboth sides commit atrocitiesmillions of people are killed1939 Franco is successful, Spain becomes a fascist dictatorship.
10 Road to War Austria is Annexed ~ March 1938 Hitler desires a union between Germany & Austria (Anschluss)Austrian Chancellor forced to appoint Nazis to key govt. positionsGerman army is sent in to “preserve order”.Opposing Austrians are silencedno opposition from western democracies
11 Road to War cont. Czechoslovakia ~ September 1938 Hitler insists that 3 mil. Germans in the Sudetenland be given autonomyBritain & France unwilling to go to warwant a peaceful solutionHitler increases his demands, & wants Sudetenland to be annexed to Germany
12 Road to War cont. Munich Conference Britain and France choose appeasement & agree to Hitler’s demandsHitler Promises that he has “no future plans for expansion”.March 1939 Hitler invades Czechoslovakia.
15 The Plunge Toward War Nazi-Soviet Pact ~ August 1939 Hitler and Stalin sign a “Non-Aggression Pact”Both agree to not attack each otherTo divide Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe between them.
17 The Plunge Toward War Invasion of Poland ~ September 1939 Hitler uses a massive “Blitzkrieg” (lightning war to attack PolandWithin two days (9/9/39), Britain & France declare war on Germany.Poland is conquered by the end of September.