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Local Government & Community Participation

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Presentation on theme: "Local Government & Community Participation"— Presentation transcript:


2 Local Government & Community Participation
Traditional local government institutions (LGI) incentivized/mandated to involve community participation in decision making

3 Purpose of Community Governance
‘Empowering the Disempowered’ Bridging the Democratic Deficit : Addressing issues of Citizenship, Social Justice and Equity


5 WCED Definition Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs – WCED, 1987

6 Balancing Act balancing ecological and social goals, with an emphasis on environmental protection, equity, and economic development The imperative of improving people’s quality of life must be balanced against the need to care for the environment, equitable distribution and allocation of resources and participation in decision making

7 Link with Governance Sustainable development is a Governance issue – poor governance systems can impede or obstruct development while good governance can sustain it .

8 Link with Community Governance
Sustainable Development requires an appreciation of how different communities, individuals and groups view development and particularly marginalized and vulnerable groups define and represent their needs and interests

9 Community Participation for SD
Empowering communities, encouraging participation for sustainable development Community involvement in assessment and developing responses to community issues/needs Wide and inclusive participation of all groups including ‘hard to reach sections’


11 Definition processes, structures and institutions (formal and informal) through which a group, community or society makes decisions, distributes and exercises authority and power, determines strategic goals, organizes corporate, group and individual behavior, develops rules and assigns responsibility

12 Governance is more than Government
Its about power, relationships, representation and accountability – who has influence, who decides and how decision makers are held accountable involves a wider range of stakeholders and networks, including individuals, government, private sector, and NGOs


14 Decentralized – People Centered Model
Institutions, mechanism and process through which citizens/groups can articulate their interests and needs, mediate differences and exercise rights and obligations at the local level Requires partnership between LGI and community, civil society, NGOs, private sector


16 What is community governance
model of governance involving community participation, engagement and decision-making in public matters. community level management and decision-making that is undertaken by, with, or on behalf of a community, by a group of community stakeholders – focus on community

17 Key Assumptions power must be exercised as close as possible to citizens and local communities. complex issues facing communities cannot be solved by any one person or sector alone

18 Expanded role of citizen/community
Increased collaboration between LGI and individuals and networks of citizens/community organizations and representatives - Communities have greater say in key decisions including those affecting the use and allocation of resources, distribution and exercise of power, delivery of services and development.

19 Community Governance Involves
community leadership - reflecting people and groups working together to achieve common goals; community empowerment - access to resources to fulfill basic and higher needs; community ownership in terms of how people are connected to/belong to their community.

20 COMMUNITY What does it mean?

21 Communities are generally defined (for reasons mainly of practicality) as geographical communities/ Or communities living within a LA area

22 Such a definition ignores the divisions and stratifications in access to resources and power along lines of; Ethnicity Caste Class Gender Political power

23 Danger of reinforcing existing local power structures,
where avenues for participation and community governance are monopolized and controlled by a few sections of society for their own benefit and to the exclusion of the most vulnerable sections in society.


25 Participation: Community governance increases space for participation with state institutions and authorities in assessing and responding to local issues/development Empowerment: process empowers local communities while addressing the specific needs and representation of marginalized groups.

26 Participation involves
people’s involvement in decision-making, planning and implementing of development objectives

27 Rationale Rationale: Those whose interest are affected by decisions should have a say/collaborate in the decision making process.

28 Purpose From the citizen’s perspective the main purpose of participation is the protection and promotion of their interests through increased responsiveness, transparency and responsiveness among state and non-state service providers.

29 Barriers to Participation
structural and institutional barriers; lack of awareness among officials and citizens regarding the avenues and mechanisms for participation fear among officials that increased community participation would undermine their authority and power


31 Accountability extent to which those in power must justify, substantiate and make known their actions and decisions. Community governance contemplates deeper accountability from officials, LGIs, and service providers to the community

32 Transparency Free flow of information. Citizens and stakeholders given direct access to processes and information in order to understand and monitor such processes.

33 Responsiveness where institutions are responsive to the needs of all sections in the community.

34 Participation All persons have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through legitimate intermediate institutions that represent their interests.

35 Equity All persons have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being and the vulnerable and excluded are targeted to provide security of well-being to all.

36 Empowerment All actors in society are empowered to pursue legitimate goals, and enabling environments are created to optimize their success and the realization of the well-being of all.

37 Ecological Soundness The environment is protected and regenerated to ensure sustainable self-reliance.

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