Presentation on theme: "Good governance for water, sanitation and hygiene services"— Presentation transcript:
1 Good governance for water, sanitation and hygiene services Achieving pro-poor decentralised services that are sustainable
2 Objectives of this presentation To address the followingWhat is governance?What is good governance?What is water governance?What is local governance for water, sanitation and hygiene services?What are the key elements of a service?How is good governance put into practice for WASH services?
3 Definition of governance There are many definitions of governanceSome place more emphasis on the role of governmentOthers focus on the interaction between different role players and the need for co-operationMost definitions refer to decision making and how this takes place in relation to public goods and servicesMost recognise that governance is much more than government
4 What is governance?Governance is about the processes by which decisions are made and implementedIt is the result of interactions, relationships and networks between the different sectors (government, public sector, private sector and civil society) to ensure optimal servicesIt involves decisions, negotiation, and different power relations between stakeholders to determine who gets what, when and how.
5 Governance stakeholders Governance involves more than government - many stakeholders are involvedAll those with a legitimate interest in the outcome of a decision-making process have a right to be involvedStakeholders include communities, governmental organisations such as municipalities, utilities and other state owned entities, as well as service providers, capacity building organisations, NGOs, contributors of finance, the users of services and organisations that support them.
6 Systems of governanceSystems of governance range from centralised, top down approaches to those that are more decentralised and participatoryIncreasingly WASH services are being decentralisedGood governance for WASH services will therefore require participatory approaches that are shaped by stakeholders and their relationships at the local level
7 What is good governance? Good governance involves constructive co-operation between the different sectors where the result is:efficient use of resourcesresponsible use of power, andeffective and sustainable service provisionGood governance emerges when stakeholders engage and participate with each other in an inclusive, transparent and accountable manner to accomplish better services free of corruption and abuse, and within the rule of law
8 Good governance? This photo is from South Africa, taken in October Police were brought in to manage community protest over poor services in the Western Cape
9 Public finance for decentralization and accountability Good governance?DecentralisationFair legislationPublic finance for decentralization and accountabilityGender mainstreamingResponsive servicesPromotion of democracyInclusive of all members of societyProtection of the environmentStrengthening civil societyProtection of human rightsConsensus about society’s best interestsTransparency, equity, accountability
10 Commitment to good governance Countries need to create their own good governance frameworks, through locally led participatory processes.“Without ‘good’, or at least ‘good enough’, governance the fight against poverty cannot be won.” (1)(1) Dfid, 2007: Governance, Development and Democratic Politics: DFID’s work in building more effective states
11 What is water governance? Water governance is the set of systems that control decision-making of water management and water service deliveryWater governance is about who gets what water, when and howWater governance is profoundly political particularly where there is competition for limited water resourcesSystems of water governance usually reflect the political and cultural realities at national, provincial and local levels
12 More effective water governance Needs to address:Policy and legislative frameworks that protect water resources and ensure water for social and economic developmentInstitutions for water management that facilitate participation of all stakeholders in a transparent, accountable, gender sensitive and equitable mannerDecisions making mechanisms and regulation that achieve responsible use of political power, optimal use of resources, sustainable development and ecological sustainability
13 Good water governance requires a multi-dimensional approach Multi-jurisdictional engagement (local, municipal, provincial, national, international)Multi-purpose developmentMulti-sector planningMulti-sector managementMulti-stakeholder institutionsMulti-purpose support and regulation
14 What is local governance? Local governance is the set of:policy frameworksstructuresmechanismsrelationships anddecision makingthat takes place at the local level to deliver a serviceLocal governance varies from country to countryIt depends upon the constitution, policy and legislation of a countryThe greater decentralisation, the more developed local governance frameworks are likely to be
15 constitutional, policy, legislative and fiscal environment National Framework:constitutional, policy, legislative and fiscal environmentEnabling policy frameworksParticipatory decision making processesCollaborative stakeholder relationshipsGood local governanceInclusive implementation processesEfficient, effective and responsive servicesMechanisms for participation, responsiveness, equity, inclusiveness, transparency, and accountability
16 Getting governance right According to the Water Budget Speech all sorts of arrangements have been made to improve water governance which will allow “communities to participate in their own development”
17 What is local governance for water, sanitation and hygiene services? It is the decisions, processes and relationships governing WASH services at the local levelIt involves all stakeholders who have an interest or role in WASH services, including the public, private and civil society sectorsBecause water is key to development, local governance of WASH involves all those stakeholders involved in integrated development
18 Local governance for WASH services National policy and legislative frameworkLocal GovernanceSanitationWaterHygieneWASH
19 WASH governance is broader than water, sanitation and hygiene Integrated DevelopmentWaterElectricitySanitation and HygieneHousingTransportWaste managementHealthWASH governance is part of governance for local integrated development
20 Good governance for sustainable WASH services Good governance for sustainable WASH services includes all the relationships, mechanisms, processes, and institutions through which stakeholders can mediate their interests, exercise their rights and obligations and make decisions for the delivery and provision of services
21 for sustainable WASH services means: Good governancefor sustainable WASH services means:Advocacy and communication to promote WASH services so that communities can express demand and make choicesStructures for participatory strategic planning where all stakeholders come together to make good decisionsFinancial mechanisms which include cost recovery and innovative methods of financeSharing knowledge and information to empower local stakeholders to participate in problem solving, planning and strategic decision making and to improve their capacity to act
22 for sustainable WASH services means: Good governancefor sustainable WASH services means:Capacity building so that the capabilities, expertise and skills in local WASH institutions are retained and developed to improve the delivery of services.Mechanisms to ensure access to transparent, gender sensitive, and equitable servicesEnsuring an enabling environment for service provision, so that, service providers have access to support, such as skills development, specialist expertise, local supply chains, and other resourcesSystems and procedures for accountability, monitoring, evaluation and reporting
23 Themes to achieve good governance for WASH services Participatory and strategic approach to local governanceThemes to achieve good governance for WASH servicesFinancing and cost recoveryAdvocacy and communicationSector knowledge sharing and learningMonitoring and evaluationGood governance for WASH servicesSupport to community institutionsSanitation, school sanitation and hygieneTransparency gender and equityCapacity developmentMultiple use services
24 How is good governance put into practice for WASH services? Good governance cannot be applied in a vacuumIt needs to be applied to the different elements of WASH services – from policy, through to planning, to financing, to developing infrastructure, to providing the service and ultimately to regulation
25 Good governance from policy to sustainable services It needs to address the entire service delivery ‘life cyclePolicyPlanningFinancingImplementation (infrastructure development)Service Provision (sustainable services)Good governanceThe development of good policies require: participation, advocacy, communication, gender equity, transparency, monitoring and feedback, support, accountability, sector knowledge sharing, and so on.The same applies to planning services, deciding tariffs and subsidies, implementing capital projects and ultimately providing the service
26 Delivering WASH services Key elements to deliver WASH servicesInfrastructureDelivering WASH services4Institutionalarrangements forservice provisionFinance3526PlanningRegulation1Policies and bylaws (enabling environment)
27 Key elements to deliver a service An enabling environment which at the local level includes the policies and bylaws within which water, sanitation and hygiene services must be deliveredPlanning services (for the municipal / district / local area)Finance (capital and operating and setting tariffs)Infrastructure (development of new infrastructure and maintaining existing infrastructure)institutional arrangements for the ongoing provision of the services (a water service provider)regulating the service to ensure that it is provided according to the policy and bylaws.
28 Water, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH) Cost recovery and innovative financeMonitoring and evaluationSector knowledge sharing and learningAdvocacy and communicationInfrastructureWater, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH)Institutional arrangements for service provisionFinanceMultiple use servicesParticipatory and strategic approach to local governancePlanningRegulationCapacity developmentPolicies and bylaws (enabling environment)Support to community institutionsGender and equityTransparency