Presentation on theme: "Disaster Risk Reduction and Governance. Ron Cadribo."— Presentation transcript:
1 Disaster Risk Reduction and Governance. Ron Cadribo.
2 OUTLINE OVERVIEW Disaster Risk and Development Development-Disaster Relationship.Factoring Disaster Risk into Development.GOVERNANCE.DefinitionGood governanceFACTORING DISASTER RISK REDUCTION.Governance and Disaster Risk Reduction.Governance at Central LevelGovernance at Local LevelGovernance at Community LevelRegional and Global Partnership Roles
3 Disaster Risk Reduction an Development SUMMARYDisaster Risk Reduction an DevelopmentDisaster risk as an unresolved problem of developmentDevelopment processes and experiencesHuman activities and decisionsClimatic changeGlobalisation
4 Factoring Disaster Risk into Development disaster risk can be manageddevelopment gains can be protect against the effects of natural hazardsThe Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) MDG 1: Eradicating extreme poverty and hungerMDG 2:Achieving universal primary educationMDG 3: Promoting gender equality and empowering womenMDG 4: Reducing child mortalityMDG 5: Improving maternal healthMDG 6:Combating HIV/ AIDS, malaria and other diseasesMDG 7:Ensuring environmental sustainabilityMDG 8: Developing global partnership for development Governance the missing link
5 Key Elements of Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy Vulnerability and risk assessmentEffective early warning systemsPublic awareness to understand, vulnerability, risk and risk reductionPublic and political commitment to risk reductionCreation of multidisciplinary and inter-sectoral partnerships, including the expansion of disaster risk management networksImproved scientific knowledge about the causes of natural disasters as well as the effects of natural hazards and related technological and environmental factors have on society.Continued international cooperationStrengthening of disaster reduction capabilities and coordinating structures for policy and strategy development and the development of early warning
6 The primary steps in disaster risk reduction can be reduced into three: Political WillDetermining and understanding the nature of the disaster riskIdentifying and developing policies and strategies that reduce disaster riskMobilising the political will and defining this institutional and structural mechanism that can generate disaster risk reduction policies and strategies
7 GOVERNANCE. Definition:Governance refers generally to the set of instruments through which people living in a state, believing in common core values, govern themselves by the means of laws, rules and regulations enforced by the state apparatus. It denotes a system of values, polices, institution by which society manages its economic, political and social affairs through interaction among the state, civil society and the private sector.The three components: economic, political and administrative.Economic governancePolitical GovernanceAdministrative governance
8 Good GovernanceInstitutions that of democratic pluralism that facilitatePublic participation,Equity and rule of law;Responsiveness; effective and efficiencyThe legitimacy of political processesAccountabilityStrategic vision and.Values of equality, empathy and tolerance.
9 Central levelPolitical will and commitment to sharing decision-making power Effective policy, State’s ability to use available state and non-state capacities to make and implement them.Local Government Level Decentralised Local governance structuresCitizen ParticipationPartnership
10 Community levelFavourable political environment that supports and promotes participatory practices, and specific opportunities for women to be involved in decision-making and implementation of development programmes.Leadership rolesEmpowerment,and ownership,
11 Governance Role at Central Level Policy and Planning.Coordination and Institutional FrameworkLegislationGovernance Local Level Decentralised structures, which provide opportunities for participation, and involvement of all segments of society. Disaster risk management at local level as key element in any viable national disaster risk reduction strategy,effective municipal and local government institutions.
12 FACTORING DISASTER RISK REDUCTION. Political CommitmentNeed for greater participation and involvement of broad range of stakeholders in decision-making.disaster risk and coordinating structuresDecentralisation of planning and decision making powers and responsibilities
13 Governance at Community Level community participation, and ownership in all aspects of disaster risk reduction.
14 Regional Level and International roles and Responsibilities Defining and shaping common regional level strategyDevelopment of national CapacitiesKnowledge, information and documentation,Addressing trans-boarder issuesFramework for scientific, technical and professional interface with Government and Non-governmental structures.International level,Advocacy and galvanising support and assistanceBuilding of capacityFacilitating technology development; technology acquisition and technology transfer to promote industrial development and manufacturing.Providing development and technical assistancePromotion of regional cooperation and integration issuesProvide finance for programmes dealing with poverty alleviation
15 Appropriate governance for disaster risk management is a fundamental requirement if risk considerations are to be factored into development planning and if existing risks are to be successfully mitigated. (UNDP, 2004:89)
16 Summary The critical importance of good governance is that it creates the favourable environment at international regional, national and local levels that permit the generation of appropriate development plans and strategies that contribute the achievement of MDGs and disaster risk reduction. Good governance should achieve increase coordination at all levels, the development of multi-sectoral disaster risk management policies and strategies based on broad involvement of all individuals, government, private sector and civil society institutions, allocation of appropriate resources at local, national and international levels, effective partnerships