Presentation on theme: "Common Errors: PRONOUNS"— Presentation transcript:
1 Common Errors: PRONOUNS SINGLE-LEFT-CLICK to advance through this PowerPoint.Common Errors: PRONOUNSSUBJECTIVE&OBJECTIVEVs.POSSESSIVEPRONOUNSWHICH ONE DO I USE WHEN?
2 Pronoun Case There are three cases: 1. Subjective case: pronouns used as subject. 2. Objective case:pronouns used as objects of verbs or prepositions. 3. Possessive case:pronouns which express ownership.
3 SUBJECTS, OBJECTS, POSSESSIVE Pronouns as SUBJECTSI, you, she, he, it, we you, they, whoPronouns as OBJECTSMe, you, him, her. it, us, you, them, whomPronouns that show POSSESSIONMy, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, it, its, our, ours, their, theirs, whose
4 RULE: Correct pronoun case requires different forms of personal pronouns fordifferent jobs in sentences.
5 Some problems of case:1. In compound structures, where there are two pronouns or a noun and a pronoun, drop the other noun for a moment.Then you can see which case you want.INCORRECT: Bob and me travel a good deal. (Would you say, "me travel"?)CORRECT:Bob and I travel a good deal. (Also, note the use third person plural pronoun and verb (travel):In other words:They travel a good deal.
6 He is taller than I (not me) (He is taller than I am tall). ComparisonsComparisons usually follow than or as:He is taller than I (not me) (He is taller than I am tall).This helps you as much as me.(This helps you as much as it helps me.)She is as noisy as I (She is as noisy as I am).Comparisons are really “shorthand:”they omit implied words, usually verbs.
7 In formal and semiformal writing: Use the subjective form after a form of the verb to be. FORMAL: It is I.INFORMAL: It is me.Use whom in the objective case. FORMAL: To whom am I talking?INFORMAL: Who am I talking to?Use FORMAL language in ACADEMIC writing!
8 Faulty Pronoun Reference Do not fall into the trap of usingobjective case pronounswhensubject pronouns are needed.Examples:
9 PERSONAL PRONOUNS WITH NOUN SUBJECTS You must also remember to usesubjective case pronounswhen a pronoun is used along with a noun subject.Example (CORRECT):
10 Personal Pronouns as Subjective Complements Finally, you must use a subjective case pronoun when the pronoun functions as a subjective complement.What is a subjective complement?A subjective complement answers the question who or what after a form of the verb to be. A subjective complement completes the subject.Or, in other words, a subjective complementmeans the same as the subject but follows the verb.Example:
11 In a subject (noun) complement Use a subjective case pronoun.EXAMPLE:(CORRECT)Do NOT say:
12 Pronouns with verbalsA verbal is a verb form doing the job of a noun or adjective.Two kinds of verbals used with pronouns:gerunds and participles.#1 GERUND – Gerunds end in –ing and act like nouns.NOTE: OBJECTS are nouns or subjective case pronouns.
13 Gerunds and POSSESSIVE CASE PRONOUNS When nouns or pronouns precede gerunds in sentences,USE THE POSSESSIVE CASE!