4 Lines of LatitudeLines of latitude are imaginary lines that measure the distance north or south of the Equator (0°).They divide the Earth into 2 equal parts (Northern and Southern Hemispheres).Lines of latitude are parallel to the Equator at regular intervals.Each line of latitude is approximately 111 kilometres apart and the lines are used as political boundaries.They are 90˚ north of the equator and 90˚ south of the equator. This totals 180˚ from the north to south pole.
9 Lines of LongitudeLines of longitude are imaginary lines that divide the Earth into 2 equal parts (the Eastern and Western Hemispheres).The Prime Meridian is the starting point for longitude lines.The International Date Line is the 180° meridian.
10 Lines of LongitudeMeasure the distance East and West of the Prime Meridian.Lines are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole.Lines converge at the poles and are furthest apart at the Equator.Longitude lines are longer than latitude lines.Lines are used to determine time zones.
13 ABSOLUTE LOCATIONThe location of a point on the Earth using latitude and longitude lines.Using the latitude & longitude grid we can pinpoint any place on the Earth.This location is specified by a series of numbers, degrees, minutes, seconds.