# MAP READING Latitude and Longitude. LATITUDE  Imaginary lines running East/West  Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o )  Splits Earth into Northern/Southern.

## Presentation on theme: "MAP READING Latitude and Longitude. LATITUDE  Imaginary lines running East/West  Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o )  Splits Earth into Northern/Southern."— Presentation transcript:

LATITUDE  Imaginary lines running East/West  Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o )  Splits Earth into Northern/Southern hemisphere  Called parallels  North Pole = 90 o N  South Pole = 90 o S  Parallels are spaced 111km apart

LATITUDE CONT.

LONGITUDE  Imaginary lines running North/South  Measure East/West of the Prime Meridian (0 o ) Prime Meridian = Greenwich, England  Splits Earth into Eastern/Western hemisphere  Called meridians  Numbered 180 o both East and West from Prime Meridian (0 o ) 180 o = International Date Line

LONGITUDE

PRIME MERIDIAN  The Prime Meridian (0 o ) and the International Date Line (180 o ) split the Earth into the Eastern and Western hemisphere Places located East of the Prime Meridian have an Eastern (E) longitude; places located West of the Prime Meridian have a Western (W) longitude.

 By combining latitude and longitude, any location can be pinpointed.

 A location’s coordinates: ( ____ o N or S, ____ o E or W)

APPLICATION  North America is in the Northern Hemisphere because it is North of the Equator. North America is in the Western Hemisphere because it is West of the Prime Meridian.

Download ppt "MAP READING Latitude and Longitude. LATITUDE  Imaginary lines running East/West  Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o )  Splits Earth into Northern/Southern."

Similar presentations