Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude"— Presentation transcript:
1 Latitude and Longitude The location of any place on Earth can be described using latitude and longitude lines.
2 Latitude LinesLine of Latitude—reference lines that run parallel to the equator’s plane. Lines are measured as an angle from the equator of the Earth (0°) to the North Pole (90° North) or to the South Pole (90° South).The Equator is O degrees latitude.
3 Lines of LongitudeLine of Longitude—reference lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. Lines are measured as an angle from the Prime Meridian (0°) to 180° East or to 180° West.
4 Prime MeridianPrime Meridian—marks the point of 0° longitude and divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
5 EquatorEquator—marks the point of 0° latitude and divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
6 Hemisphere The word hemisphere means “ half of a sphere”. There are four major hemispheres:Northern, Southern, Western, and Eastern
7 GlobeA globe is a model of the earth that shows the earth’s shape, distance, and directions as they truly relate to one another.
8 ScaleA scale is the relationship between distance on a map and actual distance of the earth.