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Latitude and Longitude

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Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude"— Presentation transcript:

1 Latitude and Longitude
The location of any place on Earth can be described using latitude and longitude lines.

2 Latitude Lines Line of Latitude—reference lines that run parallel to the equator’s plane. Lines are measured as an angle from the equator of the Earth (0°) to the North Pole (90° North) or to the South Pole (90° South). The Equator is O degrees latitude.

3 Lines of Longitude Line of Longitude—reference lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole. Lines are measured as an angle from the Prime Meridian (0°) to 180° East or to 180° West.

4 Prime Meridian Prime Meridian—marks the point of 0° longitude and divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

5 Equator Equator—marks the point of 0° latitude and divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

6 Hemisphere The word hemisphere means “ half of a sphere”.
There are four major hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Western, and Eastern

7 Globe A globe is a model of the earth that shows the earth’s shape, distance, and directions as they truly relate to one another.

8 Scale A scale is the relationship between distance on a map and actual distance of the earth.

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