2 What are ADJECTIVES? Adjectives MODIFY nouns They DESCRIBE things. AKA A COLORFUL photograph, TWO CUTE kids, a LOVELY day, a LUSH garden… GREAT examples
3 Analogy:Writing is the literary equivalent of cooking, so adjectives are one of the spices you have in the kitchen.Like spices added to a soup, a few adjectives go a long way. Don't overdo it. Let the more substantial ingredients (strong verbs!) be the stars.
4 Descriptive Adjectives……… DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES add detail or description to the noun, such as color, shape, or size.Examples:Her red shirt was pretty.His small dog ran around the huge park.
5 Limiting Adjectives…Give a quantity and amount, as opposed to just describingOften a number or related wordEx: There are few students who want to stay for detention.Ex: I saw three apples on that table.Ex: I got many presents for Christmas.
6 Demonstrative Adjectives…… →Tells which one→This, That, These, ThoseExamples:This book is great!That football is brown.These desks are close together.Those houses look nice.*Remember Demonstrative Pronouns? These are the same but come before a noun.
7 Articles……. → Help put your sentences together correctly → a, an, the → Use “a” before a general noun that starts with a consonant sound.→ Use “an” before a general noun that starts with a vowel sound.→ Use “the” before a specific noun.Examples:The apple is red.An hour has passed since we came in.A cow says, “Mooooooooo!”
8 Predicate Adjectives……….. → Adjective that comes after a linking verb→ Describes the subjectExamples:The blanket is clean.The towel is wet.Her face looks angry.His drink is bubbly.
9 Comparatives…………. → Used to compare 2 nouns → For 1 syllable words, add “er” to the end of your adjective.→ For 3+ syllable words, keep the adjective the same and put “more” in front of it.→ For 2 syllable words, it can go either way—see what sounds right!*There are some irregulars-Funner?Examples:His soup was hotter than mine.My picture is more beautiful than hers.
10 Superlatives…………. → Used to compare 3+ nouns → For 1 syllable words, add “est” to the end of your adjective.→ For 3+ syllable words, keep the adjective the same and put “most” in front of it.→ For 2 syllable words, it can go either way—see what sounds right!*There can be irregulars for these, too.Examples:My snowman is the highest one on the street!This is the most difficult test that I have ever taken.
11 Proper Adjectives………. Proper Adjectives: → A specific term to describe a common noun→ Comes from a proper noun→ Always capitalizedExamples:American cheese is my favorite food.Some people say that Swiss cheese is better.I like Japanese food better than Chinese food.
12 Adverbs! Used to describe a verb, an adjective, OR another adverb. Ex: The singer danced wildly on stage.(Wildly describes the verb danced.)Ex: The music was very loud.(Very describes the adjective loud.)Ex: The concert ended quite quickly.(Quite describes the adverb quickly.)
13 Adverbs, continued.Adverbs give information such as How, When, Where, and To what extent something happened.Ex: He ran outside quickly.HowEx: He fell down yesterday.WhenEx: He landed here on the garbage.WhereEx: He was very embarrassed.To what extent
14 Adverbs, continued.An adverb can come in many different places in the sentence.Ex: Guests often dined in the dining room at our house.Ex: Guests dined often in the dining room at our house.Ex: Often guests dined in the dining room at our house.Ex: Guests dined in the dining room at our house often.
15 Comparative & Superlative Adverbs Like with adjectives, adverbs are used to compare.The comparative form compares two actions or things.Add “-er” to the end OR “more” in frontThe superlative form compares more than two actions or things.Add “-est” to the end OR “most” in front