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Presentation on theme: "MINI LESSON: Adverbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 MINI LESSON: Adverbs

2 Definition An adverb is a word that modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

3 Adverbs that modify verbs
The tornado nearly destroyed the town. adverb verb The hamster moved quickly in its cage. verb adverb They searched everywhere for the keys. verb adverb

4 Adverbs that modify adjectives
He is an incredibly talented musician. adverb adjective Elizabeth is quite creative. adverb adjective The donation was very generous. adverb adjective

5 Adverbs that modify adverbs
Joe speaks French remarkably fluently. adverb adverb She drove very slowly in the snow. adverb adverb Buses depart quite regularly from here. adverb adverb

6 Adverbs answer the following questions:
Where? When? How? To What Degree? How much? How often? How long?

7 Some adverbs answer the question WHERE?
Example: I went away on vacation during spring break.

8 Some common WHERE? adverbs:
above away here inside there up

9 Examples of WHERE? adverbs:
We looked everywhere for the lost dog. They went inside. Mom put my bag there.

10 “Where? Adverbs” vs. Prepositions
Words that are sometimes prepositions can act as “Where? adverbs.” A preposition requires an object. An adverb does not. If you want to see the eclipse, you will need to go outside. “OUTSIDE” tells you where you will need to go, so without an object “OUTSIDE” is an adverb. Dorothy colors outside the lines. “OUTSIDE” is a preposition. “LINES” is the object of the preposition.

11 Some adverbs answer the question WHEN?
Example: I went to the beach yesterday.

12 Some common WHEN? adverbs:
later now soon then tomorrow

13 Examples of WHEN? adverbs:
My parents arrived late. I heard this song before. I recently read an article about Africa.

14 Some adverbs answer the question HOW?
Example: The burglar softly crept to the safe.

15 Many “HOW? Adverbs” are made by adding –ly to the end of an adjective.
Adjective: STRANGE KIND Add –ly = STRANGELY Add –ly = KINDLY The Boy Scout kindly helped the old lady cross the street. It was strangely quiet in the hallways.

16 Notice the “-ly” ending!
Common HOW? adverbs: clearly easily quietly slowly Notice the “-ly” ending!

17 Examples of HOW? adverbs:
The snow melted quickly in the sun. The gymnast carefully walked across the balance beam. Secretively, the children hid the gift under the bed. Notice the “-ly” ending!

18 Be careful! Not all –ly words are adverbs!
The lonely man walked away from the crowd. (Lonely is an adjective.) Lovely flowers arrived for my birthday. (Lovely is an adjective.) We live in a friendly neighborhood. (Friendly is an adjective.)

19 Example: The Arctic Circle is quite cold.
And some adverbs answer the question TO WHAT DEGREE? (How much? How long? How often?) Example: The Arctic Circle is quite cold.

20 Some common TO WHAT DEGREE? adverbs:
almost always so usually too continuously more never least forever extremely quite briefly very not

21 Examples of TO WHAT DEGREE? adverbs:
We ran fast enough to catch the bus. She briefly summarized the story. They never visit the library.

22 Let’s look at some more examples.
Can you find the adverb, tell what word it modifies, and which question it answers?

23 The sprinter ran swiftly.
Example: The sprinter ran swiftly. The adverb ___ modifies the ___ ___ and tells ____. The adverb swiftly modifies the verb ran and tells how.

24 Jane comforted a very small child.
The adverb ___ modifies the ______ ____ and tells ___. The adverb very modifies the adjective small and tells to what degree. The teacher sometimes quotes from Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech. The adverb _______ modifies the ____ ____ and tells ___. The adverb sometimes modifies the verb quotes and tells to what degree.

25 Put the apples there, and pay for them later.
The adverb ___ modifies the ______ ____ and tells ___. The adverb there modifies the verb put and tells where. The adverb later modifies the verb pay and tells when. The fire blazed too wildly for anyone to enter the building. The adverb ___ modifies the _____ _____ and tells ______. The adverb too modifies the adverb wildly and tells to what degree. The adverb wildly modifies the verb blazed and tells how.

26 Type 1: Why is this funny?

27 Homework: 2-sided worksheet

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