Presentation on theme: "By: Katreena Dalisay. -Photography’s evolution in Europe began with the CAMERA OBSCURA during the sixteenth century -Camera = Chamber or Room -Obscura."— Presentation transcript:
-Photography’s evolution in Europe began with the CAMERA OBSCURA during the sixteenth century -Camera = Chamber or Room -Obscura = Dark -A room or small building with no windows -One tiny hole, fitted with a lens would project images from outside the room onto the far wall -Image was upside down and not very clear -Portable versions of the camera obscura were developed by the mid-1600’s
Joseph Niepce - Produced the first successful image -Invented the process of “Heliography” -His first known photograph was the “Point de Vue du Gras” in 1826. -This photo took EIGHT hours to produce Camera Obscura
Joseph Niepce - Produced the first successful image using material that hardened on exposure to light -Invented the process of “Heliography” -Used bitumen (asphalt) on top of glass or metal which hardened. When the plate was washed, an image would remain -His first known photograph was “Point de Vue du Gras” which was taken in 1826 -This image took EIGHT hours to produce
Joseph Niepce - Produced the first successful image -Invented the process of “Heliography” -His first known photograph was the “Point de Vue du Gras” in 1826. -This photo took EIGHT hours to produce Point de Vue du Gras. (1826) Heliography Photograph.
Louis-Jacques Daguerre -Created the “Daguerreotype” -This process took 30 minutes to expose an image -Was the first photographic process that could be used outside a laboratory and that was available to the public -His most famous photo is “Paris Boulevard” which was taken in 1839
Joseph Niepce - Produced the first successful image -Invented the process of “Heliography” -His first known photograph was the “Point de Vue du Gras” in 1826. -This photo took EIGHT hours to produce Paris Boulevard. (1839) Daguerrotype Photograph.
-Photography itself, cannot be given credit to one person -Photography has clearly developed through the years -Examples of first uses of photography: Science Photography Art Photography Social Documentation Photography “Spot News” Photography Fashion Photography Social Landscape Photography
Joseph Niepce - Produced the first successful image -Invented the process of “Heliography” -His first known photograph was the “Point de Vue du Gras” in 1826. -This photo took EIGHT hours to produce
-French painter and physicist -Always had a passion for art -Became apprenticed to an architect at the age of 13 -Moved to Paris to study scene painting for the opera -Went into bankruptcy from 1832-1835 and also his theater burned down
-In 1829, Daguerre developed a contract with Niepce to further develop Niepce’s method of Heliography -Daguerre finally achieved successful results in 1837, after 11 years of experiments -Thus, the process of “Daguerreotype” was open to the public -This process took between 15 to 30 minutes to expose an image -The image was “mirror-like” on a plate and could only be looked at in certain lighting
-Muybridge was born in England and emigrated to America -His reputation as a photographer grew and was approached by the President of the Central Pacific Railroad -Developed photography as a tool for scientific discovery -Invented a device called a “zoopraxiscope” -Was popular for “stop-action” photography and became a useful tool for the public
-There was a controversy among racing men whether a horse had all four legs off the ground at any point of its galloping -Muybridge was approached by the President of the Central Pacific Railroad to prove the right answer -Muybridge was not successful with the images at first -On April 1873, he eventually produced successful images of a silhouette of a horse that showed each frame of a horse galloping -Through his images, it shows that all four legs of the horse are off the ground at one point
-Was given her first camera from her daughter in 1863 -Was the first to approach photography as an art form, rather than a tool for documentation -Photography was seen as a hobby, not a career -Built herself a dark room and studio -Her photographs usually consisted of women and children -Cameron’s photographs usually had soft-painter-like quality -Photographed famous poets and writers of her time such as Lewis Caroll
-The symbolism of the photograph was not made clear -There are only white roses in the photograph -In Victorian era, red and white roses together symbolized unity -The gesture of clasped hands could symbolize prayer -From a Christian perspective, red roses symbolized martyrdom and white represented purity
How did the invention of photography cause us to see the world differently? -We are able to see images realistically -The camera was able to capture a scene accurately in terms of its action, expressiveness, form, and lighting -Enables us to notice the small details and beauty of everyday -We are able to capture our own perspective of the world and share it with others -Able to capture memories and what we experience -Can be seen as a creative outlet
What was the impact of this invention on traditional arts? -Painters could use photographs for reference -Could be manipulated and incorporated into many types of art -Photographs can be used to study the scene accurately -Courbet, a French painter, thought of a camera to be his sketchbook since it was the prime resource for his realistic paintings -Some argued that photography made other traditional arts “dead”
Works Cited Brommer, Geralf F. “Photography.” Discovering Art History. Fourth Edition. David Publications, 1988. 410-12. Print. Easby, Rebecca. "Early Photography." Early Photography. Smarthistory, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014. Fijan, E. “Lecture Notes - History of Photography” Feb 2 2013. Print. Lim, Lauren. "54 Reasons Why YOU Should Be A Photographer." Photography Concentrate. Web. 13 Nov. 2014. McCouat, Philip. "Pt 1: Initial Impacts." Journal of ART in SOCIETY. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.