Daguerre Invented a more practical process of photography in 1839. His first picture “Still Life” was a brilliantly detailed view of the corner of his studio. Only needed to expose for 10-15 minutes
Daguerre Daguerreotype: used a camera obscura and treated copper plate. Copper plate was coated with a thin layer of silver, then before it was exposed it was made light sensative by fumes from iodine crystals in a wooden box. After the exposure mercury fumes would develop the image which was then fixed with a common salt solution.
Other advances 1851- Wet plate process that reduced exposure time to seconds while preserving details Dry Plate decreased exposure time to seconds (no tripod needed)
Matthew Brady Captured the horrors of the Civil War with more than 7,000 negatives. His photos of skeletons with canteens still slung around them recorded the grim reality of war and inspired The Gettysburg Address
Documentary Photography Jacob Riis was a NYC police reporter who saw the violence of the city on a daily basis. His photographs of the slums led to the first set of legislation to reform housing and labor laws.
Street Arabs in the Area of Mulberry Street by Jacob Riis
Portrait Photography Nadar conceived, posed and lighted the figures to highlight their character traits. Nadar was the first to use electric light in photos & invented aerial photography.
Art Photography Julia Margaret Cameron: excelled at defining personality in intense portraits She was the first to have lenses specially built for a soft focus effect in her allegorical and often overly sentimental images.