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Energy Sources used to create Electricity. NONRENEWABLES.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Sources used to create Electricity. NONRENEWABLES."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Sources used to create Electricity


3 Coal Made from dead plants formed millions of years ago Advantages: inexpensive, 200+ year supply (USA) technology is in place Disadvantages: non-renewable, produces CO 2, NO 2, SO 2, acid rain, greenhouse gases, mercury poisoning, and mining destroys ecosystem Efficiency = 37%

4 Petroleum Formed from dead marine plant and animals mya Pros: cleaner than coal, technology is in place, easy to store Cons: nonrenewable, 30-50 year supply, CO 2, NO 2, greenhouse gases, acid rain, spills and drilling destroys ecosystems Efficiency = 30%

5 Natural Gas Formed from dead marine plants and animals mya Pros: cleanest fossil fuel, easy to transport, technology in place for distribution. Cons: nonrenewable, 30-50 year supply, explosive, CO 2, NO 2, greenhouse gases, methane leaks kill organisms Efficiency = 47%

6 Nuclear - Fission Process that splits atoms to produce heat Pros: inexpensive, very efficient, uranium is in USA mines, no greenhouse gases Cons: nonrenewable, 65 year supply left, storage of radioactive waste, meltdowns, terrorism target, decreases dissolved O 2 in water source, thermal pollution Efficiency = 90%

7 Other Technologies: Nuclear Power using Fusion Using atomic fusion to create heat Renewable, no greenhouse gases, or radiation Ready in 2020 Expensive Researching (France)


9 Hydropower Using a river/dam to turn turbines Pros: renewable, no greenhouse gases, after dam is built there is little cost and fish ladders increase fish migration Cons: limited locations, needs water flow, destroys ecosystems, can interfere with fish migration if no fish ladder, may contribute to flooding and droughts, decreases dissolved oxygen Efficiency = 90%

10 Wind Wind is the product of the uneven heating of Earth’s surface Pros: renewable, no air pollution, free after technology is in place Cons: can be considered noisy or an eye- sore, need land, wind must be consistent, damage can occur from too much wind Efficiency = 45%

11 Solar Sun’s energy is used to react with photovoltaic cells that produce electricity Also Collective Solar Power (heated fluid) (New Mexico) Pros: renewable, no pollution, is free after technology is in place Cons: need space/land, not consistent - cloudy weather, technology is expensive Efficiency = 40-70%

12 Biomass Burning plants, wood, trash and other organic material Pros: renewable, creates less trash in landfills and removes the greenhouse gas methane but releases the greenhouse gas CO2 Cons: bad odor!! Need high temp to burn or toxins (dioxin – a carcinogen) can be released. Efficiency = 37%

13 Geothermal Earth’s interior heats the water needed to create steam (due to heat from radioactive decay and magma/core) Pros: renewable, no transportation needed, very little air pollution, enough supply to power entire Earth Cons: sulfur “egg” smell, noise pollution, limited locations, contains salts and minerals that can contaminate water Efficiency = 90%

14 Other Technologies: Plasma Arc-Gasification Burning trash at 3X sun’s temperature Pros: renewable, reuse of waste or trash, inexpensive, no air pollution! Cons: Technology not widely in use yet, metal contamination if not properly monitored, expensive start up costs Efficiency = 90%



17 U.S. Energy Mix

18 New Hampshire’s Fuel Mix

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