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North Carolina Chief 101 Firefighter Safety, OSHA and NFPA.

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Presentation on theme: "North Carolina Chief 101 Firefighter Safety, OSHA and NFPA."— Presentation transcript:

1 North Carolina Chief 101 Firefighter Safety, OSHA and NFPA

2 Chief 101 This class will satisfy the 9S inspection criteria as specified by the North Carolina Administrative Code. The primary objective of the course is to inform current and future chief officers of the various aspects and complexities surrounding the operations and organization of North Carolina fire departments.

3 Program Objectives ● Identify the requirements set forth by OSHA that pertain to volunteer, career, and combination fire departments. ● Identify the requirements set forth by NFPA that pertain to volunteer, career, and combination fire departments.

4 OSHA Duty Clause SEC. 5 (a) Each employer: 1)shall furnish to each of his employees and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm to his employee; 2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this act.

5 OSHA Duty Clause SEC. 5 (b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.

6 NC OSHA Program The NC OSHA program is administered by the N.C. Department of Labor; not the Department of Insurance or the Office of State Fire Marshal.

7 OSHA Law Contained in N.C. General Statutes G. S. 95-131

8 N.C. G.S.95-148 Safety and Health Programs of State Agencies and Local Governments –The North Carolina Fire and Rescue Commission shall recommend regulations and standards for fire departments. (1973, c.295, s.23; 1983, c. 164; 1985, c, 544; 1989, c. 750, s. 3; 1991 (Reg. Sess., 1992), c. 1020, s. 1.)

9 Standards Enforcement Purpose: “ … to insure so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve our human resources…”

10 North Carolina is an OSHA State

11 NC OSHA Regulations must meet or exceed Federal OSHA Regulations

12 HISTORY: OSHA & The Fire Service –1983 - OSHA Reform Act put in place affecting fire service. –1983 - HB 82 Ratified exempting volunteer and certain municipal fire departments from the OSHA Act.

13 –1985 - OSHA Act amended to put paid personnel of exempt municipal fire departments under OSHA. –1992 -The AG released an opinion stating volunteer departments were in most cases not exempt, since an employer/employee relationship exists. HISTORY: OSHA & The Fire Service

14 –March 1993 - Fire & Rescue Commission establishes OSHA Committee. –May 1993 - OSHA Commission suggests creation of parallel standards/OSHA concurs. HISTORY: OSHA & The Fire Service

15 –August 1993 - OSHA sends letter to mayors informing them of AG’s opinion. –November 1993 - AG revises previous opinion, stating compensation now key for determining coverage. HISTORY: OSHA & The Fire Service

16 –January 1994 - OSHA sends another letter to mayors advising of change in ruling. OSHA advises that combination departments’ paid members are covered under act. HISTORY: OSHA & The Fire Service

17 National Fire Protection Association ● What is NFPA? –Non-Profit Corporation. –Develop consensus standards through an intricate committee process. –Standards are not laws, but can carry the weight of laws if adopted by enforcement agencies such as OSHA.

18 National Fire Protection Association –Many federal agencies have adopted NFPA standards, such as DHS. –Their website is

19 OSHA General Industry Standard NFPA Fire and Rescue Specific Standard Parallel Standards


21 Letter From OSHA April 2, 1996 “ the goals of our departments are merged into making the workplaces of the men and women in the fire and rescue services as safe as practical given their often dangerous duties… For our part in the Department of Labor (OSHA), we will use these documents as a guide when inspecting or providing consultation to fire and rescue services.”

22 Standard Of Care Defined as the level of competency anticipated or mandated during the performance of a service or duty.

23 Reasonable Man Standard

24 Standard of Care ● The last fifty years have taught us: –potential impacts are limitless. –there are options in operational approaches. –initial responders need competency. –development of a Standard of Care has occurred.

25 Standard of Care ● Influenced by: –Laws –Regulations –Standards –Guidance –Knowledge –Experience

26 Standard of Care – Haz Mat ● Standard of Care for Hazardous Materials –Local government and first responder roles: ● Planning ● Preparedness ● Training

27 Liability Liability - state of being liable. Liable - owing a responsibility. Liability - cannot be totally eliminated.

28 Negligence ● Defined as “performance outside of the accepted Standard of Care.” –If elements of the Standard of Care are not followed, it could be considered negligence. –Negligence can be by the individual, an officer, the organization, or the employer.

29 Gross Negligence ● Defined as “willful failure to meet the Standard of Care.” –Can be applied to individuals or organizations. –Remember, ignorance of the law (Standard of Care) is no excuse. –Example - Personnel not required to wear appropriate PPE. –Example - Failure to train.

30 Standard of Care & Liability ● Remember that by operating within the Standard of Care we, as responders, will not need to worry about legal implications.

31 Key Points ● Currently, OSHA can inspect paid departments to both NFPA and OSHA. Does not increase requirements. ● Will not impact status of “voluntary” standards for Volunteer Fire Departments or Volunteer Rescue Squads.

32 ● Fulfills statutory responsibility. ● Allows us to develop training materials. ● Allows volunteer fire departments and volunteer rescue squads to work toward compliance of same standard. Key Points

33 Why Do It? ● Statutory responsibility. (G.S. 95 - 148) ● Increases safety and awareness. ● Reduces confusion. ● Allows the development of classes and training aids in understanding complex standards. ● Brings about better coordination with NFPA and OSHA.





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