Presentation on theme: "MAP SKILLS Directions and Latitude and Longitude."— Presentation transcript:
MAP SKILLS Directions and Latitude and Longitude
How Can You Tell What Direction You Are Facing? ◦ Watch the movement of the stars. ◦ Use a compass. ◦ Look for moss on the north side of trees. On a Map: Look at the Compass Rose – Symbol on the map that gives cardinal and intermediate directions.
Directions Cardinal Directions: The four main directions we use. North, South, East, West Intermediate Directions: In between the cardinal directions. Northwest, Southwest, Northeast, Southeast
Latitude Equator: An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point. Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres Northern and Southern Hemisphere = half a round object “Hemi” = half “Sphere” = round object
Latitude Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator and to each other. They lay on top of each other. There is equal distance between lines.
Latitude MEASURE = North to South of the Equator. RUN = East to West around the globe. Equator = 0º North and South Poles = 90º Tropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx. Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx. Arctic Circle = 66.5ºN approx. Antarctic Circle = 66.5ºS approx. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.
Longitude Prime Meridian Longest line of longitude Passes through Greenwich, England at 0º longitude Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere
Longitude Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other. Meridian = another name for longitude MEASURES = East and West of the Prime Meridian RUNS = North and South around the globe
Special Lines of Latitude and Longitude 1.Arctic Circle 2.Tropic of Cancer 3.Equator 4.Tropic of Capricorn 5.Prime Meridian 6.Antarctic Circle 7. International Date Line
Hemisphere Practice! 1. In which two hemispheres is the United States located? 2. What is the line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemisphere? 3. In which two hemispheres is Australia located? 4. Which ocean is not found in the Western Hemisphere? 5. Which hemisphere is the only one which Antarctica is not found?