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Published byFlora Shaw Modified over 8 years ago
Handel – And the Glory of the Lord (Messiah)
The essay question - Texture The texture in most of the piece is? homophonic (all parts moving together) Some bits are polyphonic (parts weaving in and out of each other) Handel also uses imitation and canon The texture for the final cadence is Homophonic
The essay question - Tempo The piece is marked ‘Allegro’ (quick and lively) giving it a joyful mood. It’s in 3/4 time but in places it feels like it’s in 2/4 because Handel uses hemiolas (a rhythmic device).
The essay question - Dynamics The dynamics are… Terraced The dynamics get louder when… More voices and instruments are playing The piece starts… Quietly with an orchestral introduction The piece ends with… a dramatic rest, followed by a loud cadence
The essay question - Melody There are 4 main melodies in this piece: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ (which is syllabic) ‘Shall be revealed’ (which is melismatic and uses a sequence) ‘And all Flesh’ ‘for the mouth’ (which is syllabic and is made up of repeated As)
The essay question - Instruments Four voice parts Soprano Alto Tenor Bass Baroque orchestra Violins, violas, cellos, basses, oboes, bassoons, tumpets and timpani. Basso continuo – chamber organ and cello
Essay question - Harmony Most of this piece is in which key? A Major (which gives it a joyful feel) It modulates to E Major twice and B Major once (all major keys – joyful) Handel uses prefect cadences at the end of each section At the end, Handel uses a plagal cadence
General background… Handel was a composer from which era? (baroque 1600 -1750) Handel was Born in? Germany, in the year… 1685 Moved to England and became friendly with the Royal Family Wrote the Messiah in… 1741
General background… And the Glory of the Lord is taken from the ‘Messiah’ Which is??? An oratorio! A religious version of an opera Bible story No acting, scenery or costumes Sung in churches or concert halls
General background… The Messiah has three main sections And the Glory of the Lord… is a chorus taken from the first section
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