Music History: Classical
American Revolution French Revolution Steam Power Engine and Steamboat Invented Electricity invented First Vaccination Napoleon George Washington Benjamin Franklin
Characteristics Emphasis on beauty rather than emotion
Reflected Greek style New style was “cleaner” Clearer division between parts Brighter contrast and colors Also, reflects the natural order - Newton
Popular opinion Instrumental music increases because the wealth prefer it and they are the ones paying the bills Comedic operas become more popular with the public
Musical Changes Baroque put focus on single melody line; classical takes it and starts to notate dynamics and phrasing Shorter melodies, too Concerto – concerto grosso fades away; concerto solo becomes more popular Concerto and sonata forms more defined Orchestra increases in size Creation of the SYMPHONY!! Pianoforte invented – Harpsichord falls out of use
Symphony Begin to see something close to a modern day orchestra
More strings Combine with brass and woodwinds Usually 4 movements Opening – Allegro Slow Minuet or Scherzo Allegro or Rondo
(Franz) Joseph Hadyn March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809
Friend of Mozart, teacher of Beethoven “Father of the Symphony” “Father of the String Quartet” Produced 340 hours of music, More than Bach, Handel, Mozart, or Beethoven Piece to know: Symphony No. 4 (The “Surprise” Symphony) Also well known: His Trumpet Concerto Lived long enough to reap the benefits Music was the most popular across Europe before he died
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
January 27, Last of 7 children (5 of which did not survive early childhood) Lived in Vienna, Austria most of his life Began composing music when he was 5 Hired as a court musician when he was 17 His father was composers a head of a orchestra, more so, he was a better teacher Wrote almost everything: operas, symphonies, chamber works, violin concertos, masses, etc. Mozart Famous Pieces Eine Klein Nachmusik Symphony No. 40 Ronda alla Turca Piano Sonata No. 16 The Mirrage of Figaro (Opera)
Beethoven December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827 Taught by his father
Played viola Accomplished pianist Deaf would yell at musician for playing poorly Most well known: Symphony No. 9 (Ode to Joy) Symphony No. 7 Turkish March Sympony No. 3 – “Eroica Symphony” Fur Elise Moonlight Sonata Symphony No. 5
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