2 OBJECTIVE:OBJECTIVES FOR THIS UNIT: Students will: 1) Define stress. 2) Describe the difference between eustress and distress. 3) Identify many causes of stress. 4) Understand the different types of stressors. 5) Describe and understand how stress can effect the body. 6) Learn some methods that individuals use to deal with stress.
4 StressStress - A non-specific response of the body, or the body’s reaction to a demanding situation. Eustress – Results from something good and we react positive. Distress – Results from something bad and we react negative.
5 What Causes Stress? Stressors- Physical, Emotional, Social Stressors are things that cause stress. Almost everything is a stressor depending on the individual.Family RelationshipsSchoolPeer Groups/ FriendsDiscriminationInjurySicknessFatigueAny Major Changes
6 Physical StressorsPhysical stressors are physical conditions of your body and the environment that affect your physical well-being.ThirstHungerLack of SleepSicknessAccidents or Catastrophes
7 Emotional StressorsEmotional stressors are the stressors that affect your physical and emotional well-being.WorryFearGriefDepressionAnger
8 Social StressorsSocial stressors arise from your relationships with other people.FamilyFriendsTeachersEmployersPeers
9 How Do We React?Our body goes through 3 stages under stress. The first is an “Alarm Stage” which is referred to as Fight or Flight. This is when the body reacts to the stressor. Anything that causes you to worry or get excited, or causes emotional or physical changes can start the alarm reaction. Fight or Flight is the body’s natural protective technique. We react the same to both positive and negative types of stress.
10 Alarm PhaseDuring the alarm phase, adrenaline is released. Adrenaline is the chemical which gives our body energy to perform physical acts. In an emergency our adrenaline amount rises.
11 Stage 2 - ResistanceIn stage two, the resistance stage, the immune system starts to resist or fight the stressor. You feel exasperated and are impatient with trivial matters. You miss your sleep schedules and find your resistance lowering. The normal indications of this level are exhaustion, weariness, anxiousness, and being forgetful.
12 Stage 3 - ExhaustionIn extreme cases our body is unable to handle the stress and it succumbs to the stressor and we call this the exhaustion phase. We may become sick or medical treatments may become necessary. If the stressor is too great, as in the case of disease that the body cannot fight, death can occur.
13 How does our body react? Allergy flare-ups Acne flare-ups Backaches PerspiringShortness of breathHyperventilationIrregular HeartbeatTightness in throat or chestExtreme fatigueMuscle tensionTremblingMuscle spasmsAcne flare-upsDifficulty sleepingHeadachesNeck-achesBlurred visionIncreased blood pressureLight-headednessConstipationDiarrheaUpset stomachVomiting
15 Emotional Effects of Stress Upset or nervous feelingsAngerAnxiety or FearFrequently criticizing othersFrustrationForgetfulnessDifficulty paying attentionDifficulty making decisionsIrritabilityLack of motivationBoredomMild DepressionWithdrawalChange in appetite
16 Physical Effects Increase stomach acid can create or irritate ulcers. High blood pressure can lead to heart disease and disorders.Lowers the effectiveness of the immune system.Cancer or severe illness can occur.
17 Managing Stress:One of the best and most productive ways to handle stress is to exercise. Exercise releases stress reducing chemicals in the body called Endorphins.
18 Eat a Healthy DietYour diet can create a great deal of stress within your body and its systems. Your body cannot function properly without adequate nutrition. Eat 3 healthy meals each day.
19 Get Enough SleepLack of sleep can contribute to distress and can make decision making difficult. You should get at least 8 hours of sleep each night.
20 Other ways to manage stress: Avoid unnecessary, distressful situationsTackle one thing at a time / take actionManage your time effectivelyTry not to let little things bother youAccept what cannot be changedThink positivelyFind a way to relax your muscles/ reduce tension (muscle relaxation, imagery, yoga, etc.)
21 Find What Works for You!Explore a variety of stress reducing strategies and do what works best for you. The better you become at handling stress, and stressful situations, the healthier you will become.
22 Key VocabularyAdrenaline is the chemical which gives us energy to perform physical acts. In an emergency our adrenaline amount rises. Alarm stage is referred to as Fight or Flight and is when the body reacts to the stressor. Distress is negative stress that can cause mental and/or physical problems and you react negatively. Emotional stressors can include anger, grief, anxiety, and many other emotions that interfere with your ability to function optimally. Endorphins are stress reducing chemicals that are released during exercise. Eustress is positive stress that motivates you to "rise to any challenge“ and you react positively.
23 Key Vocabulary Cont.Exhaustion stage is when our body is unable to handle the stress and it succumbs to the stressor. Fight or Flight is the body’s natural protective technique. Physical stressors include things like lack of sleep, overheating or feeling cold, noise, or any natural disaster such as a tornado or forest fire. Resistance stage is when the immune system starts to resist or fight the stressor. Social stressors arise from your relationships with other people. Stress is a nonspecific response of the body to a demanding situation. Stressors are things that cause stress. Almost everything is a stressor depending on the individual.