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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 19 Death, Dying, and Bereavement This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Phases of Dying Agonal phase Suffering in first moments body can no longer support life Clinical death Hear, breathing, brain stopped, but still can resuscitate Mortality Permanent death
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Defining Death Brain death All activity in brain and brain stem stopped Irreversible Persistent vegetative state Activity in cerebral cortex stopped Brain stem still active
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Death with Dignity Communication and care of dying person: Assurance of support and care Esteem and respect Candid about certainty of death Information to make end-of-life choices
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Children’s Understanding of Death Most develop realistic concept of death by middle childhood Permanence Universality Nonfunctionality Factors that affect understanding Experience with death Religious teachings Candid and sensitive discussion with adults
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Adolescents’ Understanding of Death Logically understand death, but problems applying idea to their real lives High-risk activities Talks with parents help understanding
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Adulthood and Understanding of Death Early Adulthood Avoidance Death anxiety Considered distant Middle Adulthood Begin to think of death Aware of limited time left to live Late Adulthood Think and talk more of death Practical concern about how and when
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Age, Gender and Death Anxiety
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Kübler-Ross’s Theory Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Factors than Influence Thoughts About Dying Cause of Death Nature of disease Personality Coping Style Family Members Health Professionals Spirituality and Religion Culture
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Places of Death Home Most preferred Only 20–25% Hospital Emergency room Intensive care unit Cancer care unit Hospice
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Hospice Approach Comprehensive support for dying and their families Family and patient as a unit Team care Palliative (comfort) care Home or homelike Bereavement help
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Forms of Euthanasia Voluntary Passive Withdraw treatment Advance medical directives Voluntary Active Medical staff or others act to end life at patient’s request Assisted Suicide Medical staff provide means for patient to end own life Controversial Involuntary Active Medical staff end life without patient’s consent
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Advance Medical Directives Living Will Specify unwanted treatments Durable Power of Attorney for health care Appoint someone to make health care decisions
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 International Public Opinion on Voluntary Active Euthanasia
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Grief Process Avoidance “Emotional anesthesia” Confrontation Most intense grief Restoration Dual-process model of coping with loss Alternate between dealing with emotions and with life changes
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Grieving Sudden or Prolonged Deaths Sudden, Unexpected Avoidance from shock and disbelief May not understand reasons Suicide especially hard Prolonged, Expected Anticipatory grieving Allows emotional preparation Reasons usually known
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Difficult Grief Situations Parents losing a child Children or adolescents losing a parent Adult losing an intimate partner Bereavement overload
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Death Education Courses in death and dying Offered at many educational levels Lecture format Increases discomfort Experiential format Role playing, discussions, guests, field trips Can reduce death anxiety
DEATH & DYING GRIEF & LOSS
Development Through the Lifespan
Chapter 19 Death, Dying, and Bereavement
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008Chapter 4: Creating Partnerships through Collaboration Chapter 3 Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 This multimedia product.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Inequality Based on Age This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 6 Emotional and Social Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood This multimedia product.
Loss, Death, and Grieving
(c) 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 17 Death, Dying, and Grieving PowerPoints developed by Nicholas Greco IV, College of Lake County, Grayslake,
What is grief? Intense emotional suffering caused by a loss, disaster or misfortune.
Chapter 20: Death, Dying, and Grieving ©2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 18 Death, Dying, and Bereavement This multimedia product and its contents are protected.
Intervening with Death and Dying Anita Rhodes, RN, MSN.
Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Unit 9 Oncology Do Case Studies from Critical Thinking Book Before Class!Do Case.
Loss, Grief and Dying Patient F OUNDATION O F N URSING 212.
Death as part of life Inevitable. Death as part of life Loss – Something removed.
Parents and Families Chapter 4
Chapter 11-Death and Dying
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2003 II. Foundations of Family Therapy Power Point presentation prepared by Leslie Barnes-Young, PhD, Francis Marion University.
Dying And Death Chapter Why Is There Death? Life span is long enough to allow reproduction and the linage of our species. Challenges our emotions.
Chapter © 2012 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved Why Is There Death? There is no completely satisfying answer to the question of why.
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