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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Inequality Based on Age This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease or lending of the program.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Chapter 5 outline Ageism 6 Stages of life course Life course Stage-based approach Dying trajectory Task-based approach Death and Dying Workplace and retirement Health Victimization Social isolation and Housing Problems associated with aging Functionalist Interactionist Conflict Perspectives on Aging
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Ageism and the Life Course Ageism: prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age. (marginalizes older people) Social Gerontology: study of the social aspects of aging. The Life Course ChildhoodAdolescence Young Adulthood Middle Age Later Maturity Old Age
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 The Life Course Childhood: Infants: Birth to age 2 Children: Age 3 to 12 Most powerless individuals in society Adolescence New concept in 20 th century Hard to define particular age range Caught in between children and adulthood
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 The Life Course, cont. Young Adulthood: Early to mid 20’s until about age 39 Acquisition of new roles New freedom Middle Age: Age 40 to about 60/65 Relatively new stage with increasing life expectancies Experience senescence (physical changes) and secondary aging (environmental factors)
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 The Life Course, cont. Later Maturity begins in 60’s Peer groups shrink May care for others their age or older Old Age: begins in late 60’s or 70’s Generally out of paid employment Increase in likelihood of medical conditions
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Life expectancy Life Expectancy: Average length of time a group of individuals will live. In U.S. expected to be 78 by 2010 Age categories: Gerontologists divide up those over 65 due to significant differences between older age groups Young old: 65-74 years old Old Old: 75-84 Oldest Old: 85+ Fastest growing age group in U.S.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Death and Dying Three Frameworks Stage-based approach Dying trajectory Task-based approach
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Stage-based approach Elisabeth Kubler-Ross says there are 5 stages in the dying process: Denial Anger Bargaining and asking for divine intervention Depression Acceptance
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Dying Trajectory Not everyone moves toward death at the same speed and in the same way Trajectories can be: Sudden (heart attack) Slow (lung cancer) 3 Phases: Acute phase (maximum anxiety) Chronic phase (anxiety declines) Terminal phase (withdrawal from others)
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Task-Based Approach Daily activities can still be enjoyed during dying process Fulfilling tasks makes it easier on all involved. 3 main types of tasks: Physical tasks: satisfy bodily needs Psychological tasks: maximize psychological security Spiritual tasks: identify, develop, or reaffirm spiritual energy
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Problems associated with aging Workplace discrimination: Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 Protects workers age 45 and up Discrimination still remains due to myths about older workers. Retirement: Separation of an individual from their occupation Compulsory retirement laws less common today Differs for racial groups (whites have advantage)
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Problems, cont. Health, Illness, and Health Care: Older people healthier today Malnutrition big problem for elderly Most eligible for Medicare 1/3 of money spent on health care in U.S. is for elderly Victimization: Less likely to be victims of violent crime Targets of scams Experience elder abuse (physical, emotional, sexual, financial or result of neglect.)
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Problems, cont. Family Problems and Social Isolation: Become socially isolated from their families Many elderly live alone Housing patterns: Only 5% of elderly live in institutional setting Whites, those 85+, and females are more likely Women more likely to live alone
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Perspectives on Aging Functionalist: Older people should detach themselves from society for healthy adjustment and stability of society. Disengagement theory: older people want to be released from societal expectations of productivity. Should gradually transfer their statuses and roles to next generation
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Perspectives (cont.) Interactionist: Focus on relationship between life satisfaction and level of activity Activity Theory: Older people happier and better adjusted if they are active Shift gears later in life to find meaningful substitutes for previous activities.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Perspectives (cont.) Conflict: Some older people have inadequate resources in society People who are disadvantaged in younger years become more so in older years
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Solutions to age inequality Technology might bring more freedom for older people. Dependency ratio: number of workers necessary to support people under age 15 and over age 63. Going down as baby boomers retire. Expected to be 3:1 Functionalists suggest changes in families and other social institutions Interactionists suggestion maintaining strong relationships
Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Age and Social Inequality Chapter 9 Age and Social Inequality This multimedia product and.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 19 Death, Dying, and Bereavement This multimedia product and its contents are protected.
© West Educational Publishing Adulthood and Aging C HAPTER 12 F or most people, adulthood is the time to try to bring everything learned in childhood and.
DEATH, DYING & BEREAVEMENT We are a death dying society - Why? sense that we can control death decreased exposure to death control over the forces of nature.
Aging and the Elderly Macionis, Sociology, Chapter Fifteen.
Assessment Of Growth And Development By Dr. Hanan Said Ali.
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“ Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2010 Deviance 10e Chapter Six: FAMILY VIOLENCE This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.
This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including.
© 2005 Pearson Education Canada Inc.
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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter 1 Studying Social Problems in the Twenty-First Century This multimedia product and its contents are protected under.
Copyright (c) 2003 by Allyn & Bacon1 Sociology Sixth Edition Chapter Twelve Race & Ethnicity This multimedia product and its contents are protected under.
Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach 7/e
An Aging Society Chapter 9.
10. Staffing the School: Recruitment and Selection Determining Staffing Needs Recruitment Federal Regulations to Prevent Employment Discrimination Federal.
Chapter 11, Age and Sex Age Stratification The Social Significance of Aging Growing Up/Growing Old: Aging and the Life Course Sex, Social Structure and.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Chapter 6 Selecting Your Speech Topic This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following.
C HAPTER 12: A GING AND I NEQUALITY. T HE S OCIAL S IGNIFICANCE OF A GE How old are you? The continuum of age shapes our attitudes and conceptions about.
CHAPTER 5 AGING AND INEQUALITY.
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