# Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law.

## Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law."— Presentation transcript:

Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law

Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law Force and motion are connected

Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law Force and motion are connected An object will have greater acceleration if a greater force is applied to it

Little Acceleration Little Force Same Mass Big Force Big Acceleration

Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law Force and motion are connected An object will have greater acceleration if a greater force is applied to it The mass of an object and the force applied to it affect acceleration

Small Mass / Big Acceleration
Same Force Big Mass / Small Acceleration

Newton’s second law of motion connects force, mass, and acceleration in the equation acceleration equals net force divided by mass

F m Or F= ma a =

Newton’s second law of motion connects force, mass, and acceleration in the equation acceleration equals net force divided by mass Friction – force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touching each other

Newton’s second law of motion connects force, mass, and acceleration in the equation acceleration equals net force divided by mass Friction – force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touching each other Microwelds, areas where surface bumpers stick together, are source of friction

Friction between two surfaces that are not moving past each other is called static friction

Friction between two surfaces that are not moving past each other is called static friction
Sliding friction – force that opposes motion of two surfaces sliding past each other

Friction between two surfaces that are not moving past each other is called static friction
Sliding friction – force that opposes motion of two surfaces sliding past each other Friction between a rolling object and the surface it rolls on is called rolling friction

Air resistance that opposes the force of gravity

No Air Resistance Air Resistance

Air resistance that opposes the force of gravity
The amount of air resistance depends on an object’s shape, size, and speed

Air resistance that opposes the force of gravity
The amount of air resistance depends on an object’s shape, size, and speed Terminal velocity – forces on a falling object are balanced and the object falls with constant speed

Section 2 – Gravity

Section 2 – Gravity Law of gravitation – any two masses exert an attractive force on each other

Section 2 – Gravity Law of gravitation – any two masses exert an attractive force on each other Gravity is one of the four basic forces that also include the electromagnetic force, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force

Section 2 – Gravity Law of gravitation – any two masses exert an attractive force on each other Gravity is one of the four basic forces that also include the electromagnetic force, the strong nuclear force, and the weak nuclear force Gravity is a long-range force that gives the universe its structure

Due to inertia, all objects fall with the same acceleration regardless of mass

Due to inertia, all objects fall with the same acceleration regardless of mass
Weight – gravitational force exerted on an object

Due to inertia, all objects fall with the same acceleration regardless of mass
Weight – gravitational force exerted on an object Weight decreases as an object moves away from Earth

Due to inertia, all objects fall with the same acceleration regardless of mass
Weight – gravitational force exerted on an object Weight decreases as an object moves away from Earth Weight results from a force; mass is a measure of how much matter an object contains

Objects in the space shuttle float because they have no force supporting them

Objects in the space shuttle float because they have no force supporting them
Projectiles have horizontal and vertical velocities due to gravity, and follow a curved path

Objects in the space shuttle float because they have no force supporting them
Projectiles have horizontal and vertical velocities due to gravity, and follow a curved path Acceleration towards the center of a curved path is called centripetal acceleration; it is caused by centripetal force, an unbalanced force

Section 3 – The Third Law of Motion

Section 3 – The Third Law of Motion
Newton’s third law of motion – to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction force

Section 3 – The Third Law of Motion
Newton’s third law of motion – to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction force Action – reaction forces act on different objects and differ from balanced forces

Section 3 – The Third Law of Motion
Newton’s third law of motion – to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction force Action – reaction forces act on different objects and differ from balanced forces Rocket propulsion is based on Newton’s third law of motion

Before it was discovered, the existence of the planet Neptune was predicted based on gravitational forces and Newton’s laws

Before it was discovered, the existence of the planet Neptune was predicted based on gravitational forces and Newton’s laws Momentum – related to how much force is needed to change an object’s motion; momentum equals mass times velocity

Before it was discovered, the existence of the planet Neptune was predicted based on gravitational forces and Newton’s laws Momentum – related to how much force is needed to change an object’s motion; momentum equals mass times velocity Law of conservation of momentum – momentum can be transferred between objects; momentum is not lost or gained in the transfer

Download ppt "Chapter 3 – Forces Section 1 – Newton’s Second Law."

Similar presentations