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Chapter 24 The Age of Reform

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1 Chapter 24 The Age of Reform- 1791-1911
Sections Covered Section 1- Liberal Reforms in Great Britain Section 3- Revolution and Reform in France Section 4- Latin Americans Win Independence

2 Liberal Reforms in Great Britain and Its Empire
Chapter 24 Section One Liberal Reforms in Great Britain and Its Empire

3 I. Reforms of the 1800s A. Voting Restrictions B. Reform Bill of 1832
Only property owners could vote. 1 out of 16 men People voted in the open- bribery and intimidation District boundaries no longer represented how the population was distributed No non-Anglican Protestants could hold political office B. Reform Bill of 1832 Took seats away from less populated areas and gave them to the industrial cities People with less property the right to vote Still needed property to vote. 1 in 5 men could not vote 3. Whig Party won strong support

4 I. Reforms of 1800s continued
A. Social and economic change Factory Act of reformed the horrible working conditions of women and children Slavery abolished in all colonies in 1833 Eliminated the Corn Laws- tax on imported grain Drove up the cost of bread B. The Chartist movement- 1830s-1840s William Lovett founded London Workingmen’s Association Wanted universal male suffrage and secret ballot Redrawn districts and salaries for members of Parliament So poor people could become lawmakers 4. Reforms proposed in People’s Charter 5. Most goals were made into law

5 II. Disraeli and Gladstone
A. Both supported Reform Bill of 1867 Doubled the number of eligible voters B. Benjamin Disraeli- prime minister- Conservative Party Great in foreign affairs Britain gained control of Suez Canal Queen Victoria became Empress of India C. William Gladstone- prime minister- Liberal Party Concerned with domestic and financial affairs Education Act of elementary school system- free in 1891 1872, began to use secret ballot in all elections Relaxed voting restrictions nearly all men able to participate Problems with Ireland- wanted Home Rule- Potato Famine

6 III. Reforms of the Early 1900s
A. Labour Party formed 1900 Believed too little being done to help working Workers allowed to organize into unions B. Fabians Aimed to improve society through socialist ideas C. Liberal Party Reforms Social welfare laws- old-age pension, health insurance, and unemployment insurance, employment offices Parliament Act of took away House of Lords power Law that gave House of Commons salary D. Suffragettes- led by Emmeline Pankhurst Women who campaigned for their right to vote

7 IV. Changes in the British Empire
A. Canada 1. Lord Durham given broad powers to reform Grant self government United into one state 2. British North America Act of 1867 a. Divided Canada into four provinces 3. Expands its borders

8 IV. Changes in the British Empire continued
B. Australia Used as a penal colony Settlers soon after Aborigines – original habitants pushed into interior- many die from new diseases Britain claimed the entire continent in 1829

9 IV. Changes in the British Empire continued
A. New Zealand 1840 took control of islands 1852 granted a constitution and became self-governing First to grant women the right to vote

10 Assignment Homework Work on “The Growth of Democracy in Great Britain” worksheet

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