Future Tense Regular Grammar essential # 100
Future Tense Regular When using this you are saying “will+verb”
To make the future tense conjugation, Add the future endings to the infinitive. There are only one set of endings. Because you are using the infinitive, you don’t have to differentiate among the three infinitive endings. There are irregulars though (end of powerpoint)
Future Tense Regular endings
-é -emos -ás -éis -á -án
Mirar – to see miraré miraremos mirarás miraréis mirará mirarán
Beber = to drink beberé beberemos beberás beberéis beberá beberán
For irregular verbs, the same future endings are added to the irregular stem.
Note that all of the future tense endings carry a written accent mark, except the Nosotros/as form.
Uses of the future tense
In Spanish, as in English, the future tense is one of many ways to express actions or conditions that will happen in the future. PRESENT INDICATIVE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE conveys a sense of certainty that the action will occur refers to an action that has yet to occur: used after verbs of will and influence. Llegan a la costa mañana. Prefiero que lleguen a la costa mañana. They arrive at the coast tomorrow. I prefer that they arrive at the coast tomorrow.
ir a + [infinitive] FUTURE TENSE Van a llegar a la costa mañana.
expresses the near future; is commonly used in everyday speech expresses an action that will occur; often implies more certainty than ir a + [infinitive] Van a llegar a la costa mañana. Llegarán a la costa mañana. They are going to arrive at the coast tomorrow. They will arrive at the coast tomorrow.
The English word will can refer either to future time or to someone’s willingness to do something. To express willingness, Spanish uses the verb querer + [infinitive], not the future tense. ¿Quieres contribuir a la protección del medio ambiente? Quiero ayudar, pero no sé por dónde empezar. Will you contribute to the protection of the environment? I’m willing to help, but I don’t know where to begin.
In Spanish, the future tense may be used to express conjecture or probability, even about present events. English expresses this sense in various ways, such as wonder, bet, must be, may, might, and probably. ¿Qué hora será? Ya serán las dos de la mañana. I wonder what time it is. It must be two a.m. by now. ¿Lloverá mañana? Probablemente tendremos un poco de sol y un poco de viento. Do you think it will rain tomorrow? It’ll probably be sunny and windy.
When the present follows a conjunction of time like cuando, después (de) que, en cuanto, hasta que, and tan pronto como, the future tense is often used in the main clause of the sentence. Nos quedaremos lejos de la costa hasta que pase el huracán. We’ll stay far from the coast until the hurricane passes. En cuanto termine de llover, regresaremos a casa. As soon as it stops raining, we’ll go back home.
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