Let us read these words aloud full apples the basket is of Did that mean anything? Of course it did not. Now let us read these words aloud The basket is full of apples. Did that mean something? Oh yes it does. Well, this is what we mean by a sentence. A group of words that has a complete meaning is called a sentence.
THE SENTENCE Now let’s listen these words. in a corner on the table in a few days Hmm! They sound something but do not mean anything These are group of words which make some sense but do not mean anything We call such a group of words a phrase.
KINDS OF SENTENCES Statement ordeclarative sentence. The sun rises in the east. Sita is reading a book. A sentence that states or declares something is called a statement or a declarative sentence. Interrogative Sentence or a Question. Who has broken this vase ? Did you see a question mark ? A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative sentence.
KINDS OF SENTENCES Exclamatory sentence. What a beautiful flower ! What a great shot ! A sentence that express a strong or sudden feeling is called an Exclamatory sentence. Imperative Sentence. Shut the door. Get me a glass of water. A sentence that express a command,request or desire is called an Imperative sentence.
Read the following sentences. The sun rises in the east.( What rises in the east? ) Sita is reading a book..( Who is reading a book? ) They are playing cricket. ( Who are playing cricket) The part of sentence about which something is spoken is the Subject while the remaining part of the sentence is the predicate. SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
The person,place or a thing we speak about is called the Subject. The earth moves round the sun. The elephant is a large animal. In the above sentences ‘The earth’ and ‘The elephant’ are the subjects. What is spoken about the subject is the predicate part of the sentence. The earth moves round the sun. The elephant is a large animal. In the above sentences ‘moves round the sun’ and ‘is a large animal’ are the predicates. Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and apredicate. The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about, while the predicate tells something about the subject.
TEST YOURSELF Four squares a has sides A square has four sides. Arrange the group of words to make meaningful sentences in your notebooks.(Click the boxes to check your answers) Water on a cork floats A cork floats on water. Elephant is an animal a large An elephant is a large animal. A man was great Gandhiji. Gandhi was a great man.
TEST YOURSELF Without water cannot live we. We cannot live without water. Arrange the group of words to make meaningful sentences in your notebooks.(Click the boxes to check your answers) Cheese butter and milk made are from Cheese and butter are made from milk. Mother my early gets up morning in the My mother gets up early in the morning. In a month twelve are there years. There are twelve months in a year.
TEST YOURSELF Write the following sentences correctly. 1.new york is the largest city in america. 2.connaught circus is in new delhi. 3.the nile is a large river in egypt. 4.the golden temple is at amritsar. 5.we sailed to england on queen elizabeth. Correct Answers. 1.New York is the largest city in America. 2.Connaught Circus is in New Delhi. 3.The Nile is a large river in Egypt. 4.The Golden temple is at Amritsar. 5.We sailed to England on Queen Elizabeth. Click here to see correct answers
TEST YOURSELF 1.Which four of the words are seasons? 2.Which four of the words are tools? 3.Which four of the words are wild animals? 4.Which four of the words are diseases? 5.Which for of the words are vegetables? 6.Which four of the words are clothes? Correct Answers. 1.Seasons: spring,summer,winter,autumn. 2.Tools: saw,spade,hammer,chisel. 3.Wild animals: wolf,tiger,leopard,giraffe. 4.Diseases: measles,malaria,leprosy,mumps. 5.Vegetables: onion,tomato,spinach,peas. 6.Clothes: blouse,frock,socks,trousers. Click here to see correct answers Look at the words given in the box and answer the questions that follow. Blousemumps leprosy frock spring onion trousers spade hammer measles giraffe socks chisel tiger summer leopard saw wolf autumn winter tomato malaria spinach peas
TEST YOURSELF 1.A place where books are kept……….. 2.Aplace where many kinds of animals are kept… 3.All people working in a ship………… 4.Cows,oxen,bullocks all together…………….. 5.Organisation of soldiers……………. Correct Answers. 1.A place where books are kept- library 2.Aplace where many kinds of animals are kept - zoo 1.All people working in a ship -crew 2.Cows,oxen,bullocks all together- cattle 3.Organisation of soldiers - army Click here to see correct answers Use the words given in the box to fill up the blank spaces. crew zoo library cattle army
IT IS STILL AN EFFORT BY M S RAWAT LECTURER DIET U S NAGAR