The Sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought. expressing a complete thought
Types of Sentences ~Declarative: makes a statement followed by a period Eg. I went to the store. She did her homework. ~ Interrogative: asks a question is followed by a question mark Eg. Did you do your homework? Can you drive me home?
Types of Sentences, cont. ~Imperative: expresses a command or request followed by a period Eg. Do not lock the door. Go to the office. ~Exclamatory: expresses strong or sudden feeling followed by an exclamation point Eg. I am innocent! Give me that!
Every sentence has two essential parts: and The subject of a sentence is the part about which something is being said. The flower bloomed. Bob painted. The girls on the team were all good students. The predicate of a sentence is the part which says something about the subject. Bill told everyone about the wreck. Mary sobbed. Sue plays the piano well.
The simple subject is the main word in the complete subject. The simple predicate, or verb, is the main word or group of words in the complete predicate. The complete subject is the main word and all its modifiers. The complete predicate is the verb and all its modifiers. The four new students arrived early. Complete subject The four new students Simple subject students Sara’s sister took us bowling yesterday. Simple predicate took Complete Predicate took us bowling yesterday
Sentence Order ~ Natural Order : when the subject of a sentence comes before the predicate eg. Mrs. Connelly | assigned the homework. ~ Inverted Order : when all (or part) of the predicate comes before the subject. eg. Away scurried | the puppy. **Most interrogative sentences are in inverted order!
Simple and Compound Sentences ~Simple Sentence: has one subject and one predictate eg. The earth is covered by land and water. ~Compound Sentence: 2 or more simple sentences combined together using a word such as and, but, or. eg. The earth is covered by land and water and the land is divided into seven continents.
Sentence Fragments **When a sentence is missing either a subject or a predicate, it is called a sentence fragment. eg. The concerned teacher. As we waited for morning, the sun. ~Watch out for the implied subject. eg. Run! Look! Stop!
Run-On Sentences **When 2 or more sentences are combined without using the proper punctuation, the sentence is a run- on! eg. The student will do his homework, he will turn it in tomorrow. ~There are 2 ways to fix a run-on sentence: 1. make it two separate sentences eg. The student will do his homework. He will turn it in tomorrow. 2. separate the sentences using and, but, or, nor, yet eg. The student will do his work and he will turn it in tomorrow.