Presentation on theme: "Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Kohlberg divides his “stages of development into three categories – pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. You may think of theses as below average, average, and above average.
2 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Level 1 –common in children –Reasoners judge the morality of an action by its direct consequences and are purely concerned with the self in an egocentric manner
3 Authoritarianism Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development L-1 Stage 1 – You will sit intime out for 15minutes!L-1 Stage 1 –How can I avoid punishment?AuthoritarianismAn action is perceived as morally wrong if the person who com-mits it is punished.
4 Moral Relativism Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development L-1 Stage 2 – What’s in it for me?L-1 Stage 2 –– Shows a limited interest in the needs of others as in “You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours.”
5 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Level 2 –adolescents and adults –Reasoners behave conventionally, judging the morality of their own actions by comparing them to societal views and expectations.
6 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development No! I’m allergic!The good boy/ good girl attitude –L-2 Stage 3 –A desire to maintain rules – intentions are more im-portant than actions –“She meant well.”
7 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development L-2 Stage 4 –Law and order morality –An obligation to uphold laws and rules seperating the good from the bad – if one person gets away with violating a rule,anyone could; society falls apart.
8 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Level 3 –morally mature adults –Reasoners acknowledge that individuals are separate entities from society, and their perspective should be viewed before society’s.
9 Existentialism Democracy Kohlberg’s Stages ofMoral DevelopmentL-3 Stage 5 –Social contract orientation –ExistentialismLaws are contracts, not rigid dictums; those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed –Democracythe greatest good for the greatest number of people.
10 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development L-3 Stage 6 –The Principled conscience –Based on abstract reasoning in which justice is the only deontic imperative; no-hing is hypothetical; actions are absolute –Imagine what you would do in the shoes of someone who was imagining what any principled person would do. Consensus!