Presentation on theme: "From The City of To-morrow and Its Planning (1929)"— Presentation transcript:
1 From The City of To-morrow and Its Planning (1929) LE CORBUSIER‘A Contemporary city’From The City of To-morrow and Its Planning (1929)Iulia MunteanuMPA I, NGO Management
2 (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris) Le Corbusier(Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris)( ) - Swiss-French Architect, city planner, designer, painter, writer and philosopher;one of the pioneers of the Modernist Movement (International Style) in architecture;his designs for modern houses – “machines for living”
3 A Contemporary City Of Three Million Inhabitants “the skyscraper in the park”- idea today ubiquitousPlan Voisin presented in Paris in 1922 → controversialrows of identical, strictly geometrical skyscrapers→ Right Bank (Paris)the city of today!
4 Site Population level site – ideal site for contemporary city citizens suburban dwellersmixed sort→ define areas to be allotted to the 3 sections
5 Areas proposed: The City – business and residential centre The Industrial CityThe Garden Cities – workers’ houseslegal establishment of a protective zone between industrial city and garden citiesPopulation – more dense, small distances to cover → increase density
6 Traffic3 types: heavy goods traffic + lighter goods traffic + fast traffic→ 3 kinds of roads:- below ground – for heavy traffic- at the ground floor level- arterial roads for fast one-way trafficcross-roads = enemy to traffictramway – shouldn’t exist in modern city
7 The Plan of the City Basic principles: decongest the centres of the cityaugment city densityincrease the means for getting aboutincrease parks and open spacesgridiron system- streets every 400 yards
8 main arteries for fast traffic run N-S and E-W → elevated roadways great open space at the base of skyscrapersaround the city – protected zone (green fields)garden cities – form a wide encircling bandright at the centre of city→ railway station:landing platform (aerodrome) + mezzanine +ground floor + ‘basement’ + ‘sub-basement’ + ‘sub-sub-basement’
11 The city24 skyscrapers – only for business purposes → 10,000 to 50,000 employeesresidential blocks – 600,000 inhabitantsgarden cities – 2,000,000 inhabitants or moreopen space → squares, gardens, theatres, restaurants, cafes, museums, shops, sports grounds, public services, universities;protected zone – building prohibited → reserved for the growth of the city
12 Further principles and City aesthetics city of today is dying for it is not geometricalWe must build in the open!achieve uniform lay-out of city → result of true geometrical lay-out is repetition → standard, a perfect formto introduce uniformity into the building, we must industrialize buildingA city made for speed is made for succes!