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Smart city: Focal Point for smartness

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1 Smart city: Focal Point for smartness
National Town Meeting Association for Demand Response and Smart Grids Washington, DC July 11, 2013 Eugenie L. Birch Nussdorf Professor and co-Director Penn Institute for Urban Research University of Pennsylvania

2 Today’s Talk The “what, when, why, where, who and how ” questions of “Smart Cities” Some examples: Smart Buildings, Smart Transport, Smart Energy/Transport

3 “what, when, why, where, who and how”
A “Smart City” employs advanced technology, innovative land use decision-making and strategic public/private partnerships to achieve efficient, stable, resilient and equitable provisions for its inhabitants and their economic, social and environmental well-being. Thriving economy: This includes looking at how innovative a city is, how flexible its labor market is how productive it is, and how it performs on the world stage. 2. Well developed networks: This considers networks including technology, energy, and transport. A smart city will have well developed and secure ICT networks; intelligent energy networks, including local energy grids and smart metering; and sophisticated transport networks, including public and private transport. These are key to how smart cities operate on a day-to-day basis. 3. High living standards: These include provision of cultural, educational, housing, and healthcare facilities, as well how safe a city is for its residents. 4. Attractive environment: This looks at how attractive a city is, how it sustainably manages resources, and how it protects the environment and reduces pollution. 5. Good governance: Residents should be able to participate in political decision-making, be offered a range of political views, and receive reliable public services. 6. Well rounded inhabitants: This takes into account inhabitants’ education, skills, and their participation in public life, as well as social and ethnic diversity. More than 90% of the projects are addressing issues related to energy, transportation, or government. Over 50% of the projects have some element focused on transportation and mobility in cities.

4 “what, when, why, where, who and how”

5 “what, when, why, where, who and how”
Reduce environmental impact/ GHG emissions Encourage economic development Deliver improvements in citizen services

6 “what, when, why, where, who and how”
North America: Energy (30%) Transport (22%) Buildings (7%) Europe: Energy (34%) Transport (27%) Buildings (9%) Asia: Energy (16%) Transport (23%) Buildings (32%) Note: All regions report ¼+ of all efforts in government

7 “what, when, why, where, who and how”
Private Sector Schneider, IBM, Oracle, Siemens, invensys, Cisco, Thales Public Sector Arhus, Amsterdam, Cairo, Dubai, Edinburgh, Malaga, Barcelona, Songdo Yokohama NGOs European Union Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform, Meeting of the Minds, MESH Cities

8 Transport: Types of Vehicles

9 Experimental Efforts Berlin, Germany Victoria, Australia
Victoria (population 5 million+ capital is Melbourne with metro pop of 4.2 million) power supplied by coal – Hazelwood Power Station is # 1 of least carbon efficient pwer stations in the world that supplies 25% of Victoria’s power) – tied with one in Indiana! : 70 corporate organizations and 120 households and 50 fleets/ 200 charging stations have taken part in $5 million four - year trial with several vehicle (Mistibishi, Nissan and Holden) and charging station providers in an attempt to discover how to develop an EV market in Australia. Very closely studied

10 Issues/ Minimum Conditions
Market Considerations Vehicles (EVs Sufficient production Range Cost Infrastructure Requirements Charging Infrastructure Standards/compatibility (physical and systems) Location/placement/signage/visual recognition Cost structure Time/charging speed Regulatory Environment Government commitment Stable power grid/ grid economics

11 Research

12 Smart city: Focal Point for smartness Thank you and on to more details…

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